July 16, 2010

Blog Move

This blog has moved to:


This site will remain, but will no longer be updated. Thanks for reading and please update your feeds/bookmarks!

Posted by markmac at 01:43 PM | Comments (2)

June 22, 2010

Cavities/obesity in Children

Poor Nutrition in Children Could Tie Obesity with Cavities (from NPR on June 22, 2010)

by Whitney Blair Wyckoff

Teeth riddled with cavities could point to other health problems. Among children ages 2 to 5, poor nutrition may be a common thread connecting obesity and tooth decay, a new study finds.Researchers found that 28 percent of young children who required anesthesia to treat their cavities — either because of the seriousness of the decay or their lack of cooperation — had a BMI indicating they were overweight or obese.

For comparison, data gathered from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey a few years back suggests that 21 percent of children from the same age group are overweight or obese.

In the study, presented Tuesday at the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, 65 children fasted for 8 to 12 hours before their procedures. While the children were getting their teeth fixed, their parents filled out questionnaires about the kids' eating habits. The work hasn’t been published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Dr. Kathleen Bethin, a pediatrician at the University of Buffalo who was the lead author of the study, says previous research clashed about a possible association. But she says what makes her research unique was that it looks at kids who were treated in the operating room — as opposed to outpatient dental clinics.

"I think that our data more strongly suggests that there may be an association — that kids with worse dental decay may have bad nutrition and may be fatter," Bethin tells Shots.

These findings, Bethin says, indicate the dentist's office is a good place to talk about nutrition and obesity risk.

One finding that surprised Bethin: There was no difference in total calories consumed by overweight and healthy-weight kids in her study. That's despite the fact that 71 percent of kids in the study consumed more calories than normal for their age group.

"I had predicted that the overweight kids would have higher calories," she says. She adds it could be that overweight kids are exercising less or have higher-fat diets. She also said parents of overweight children might think their kids are eating less than they are.

Bethin says the study underscores the importance of teaching young children healthy eating habits — for their teeth and their waistlines.

Posted by schnitzr at 07:06 PM | Comments (0)

June 14, 2010

UM School of Dentistry--Dental Outreach to Kenya

Building on the Kenya Smiles initiative that launched in 2008, five School of Dentistry students went to the University of Nairobi earlier this year to provide oral health care and education. They examined hundreds of children and adolescents, and offered dental services in Kenyan villages.http://www.dent.umich.edu/featured-news/engaging-the-world

Posted by schnitzr at 02:07 PM | Comments (0)

Mouth ca prognosis better when HPV involved

Mouth cancer prognosis improves when cervical cancer virus involved

7 June - For patients battling a type of cancer that affects the back of the mouth, the chances of survival increase if the tumor contains the sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical cancer, new research shows. In fact, the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most important predictor of survival in oropharyngeal cancer, researchers from the Ohio State University Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC-James) found. "Previous studies indicated a relationship existed between the presence or absence of HPV in oropharyngeal tumors and patient survival, but they couldn't determine if other favorable factors present in these patients were responsible
for their better outcome," lead author Dr. Maura Gillison, an
OSUCCC-James medical oncologist and head and neck cancer specialist, said in a newsrelease. "These findings close
the door on these questions," Gillison added, "and will allow the
field to move forward with clinical trials designed to determine how we should use molecular and behavioral factors to
personalize therapy for patients." The report was published online
June 7 in the New England Journal of Medicine, to coincide with presentation of the findings Monday at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting, in Chicago. Medline Plus


Posted by schnitzr at 11:19 AM | Comments (0)

April 18, 2010

Searching PubMed: An Online Session

Search Clinic: Building a PubMed® Search

A thirty-minute online search clinic will be presented by the NLM® via Adobe® Connect™ on Tuesday, April 20 at 1:00 pm ET. The presentation will cover the mechanics of the PubMed Search Builder page and how to use search tags.

For more information and access to the clinic, go to: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/clinics/build.html. The clinic will be recorded and available for viewing at this address. Please note that, due to technical limitations, there is a maximum capacity of 300 participants permitted. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/techbull/ma10/ma10_pm_search_clinic.html

Posted by schnitzr at 05:31 AM | Comments (1)

April 11, 2010

Book Citations Added to PubMed

Book Citations Added to PubMed® and Changes to Displays

[Editor's note: These changes were implemented in PubMed on April 6, 2010.]

PubMed will soon be enhanced to begin including citations for a subset of books available on the NCBI Bookshelf. The first books to be added are, GeneReviews and Essentials of Glycobiology. A citation will be included for both the book and each chapter or section of the book.
Summary Display Changes

In order to accommodate the book and book chapter citations, the PubMed Summary display will also be modified. PubMed citations may include one of the set of labels and links outlined below. The Related articles link will also be renamed to Related citations.

New copper-colored labels (Books & Documents, Free PMC Article, and Free Article) provide users with a quick and easy way to scan the Summary display to find text that is freely available. The blue Free text links display for PubMed Central articles and Bookshelf items (see Figure 1) and, when clicked, open a new browser page with full text. When Free Article is displayed, use the title link to the Abstract format to find a publisher icon link to full text.

Posted by schnitzr at 05:13 AM | Comments (0)

April 09, 2010

Have Copyright Questions/Problems?

Melissa Levine and Greg Grossmeier will present ‘Copyright for Researchers and Faculty, IT Bootcamp - School of Dentistry’ on April 14. This talk will focus on how Copyright affects researchers and their research with special attention to how they can work with publishers and libraries to make works more easily findable and re-usable. More information about the IT Bootcamp series at the School of Dentistry can be found here: http://www.dent.umich.edu/dentalinformatics/supporting-education/bootcamp....Greg recently gave a presentation to the senior Art and Design seminar class where he gave an overview of what artists need to know about copyright law, how it effects them and their choices, and what choices they can make (e.g.: using Creative Commons licenses). Attendance was higher than usual and many students had follow-up questions regarding interesting projects they are working on.

The Copyright Office is always happy to give presentations of this kind to any department on campus. And remember – we hold public hours Tuesdays and Thursdays 1-3 pm for walk-in consults. Let us know how we can help.

Posted by schnitzr at 01:39 PM | Comments (0)

April 05, 2010

Hanako the robot dental patient

Hanako Showa: The robot dental patient
by Mark R - on March 31st, 2010

I recently had my mouth examined by a dentist, and I was fortunate to get one with years of experience. I always wondered who are the patients for the starting dentist.

Fortunately, the dentist-in-training will have more at his disposal than a frightened grin with this 5-foot tall Japanese robot developed by Showa University and robot maker Tmsuk. This robot, named Hanako Showa, has very realistic movements of its eyes, head, and tongue. It even has a place for saliva, so its mouth will have to be sucked out just like a real patient.

Hanako can also behave in a realistic way such as saying “Ouch! It hurts!” and turning its head. I can only assume that the novice dentist must apply some fake Novocaine. Then the dentist can ask the patient “are you OK?” I am assuming the robot will respond affirmatively if you’re doing it right.

By the way, Hanako will produce a vomit response if the dentist touches her uvula, and I’m told touching her robot breasts is also a big no-no. I don’t really know what it will do if you accidentally brush up against her…anyway, I guess it teaches future dentists to be sensitive to female patients. See URL below for more...


Posted by schnitzr at 09:56 AM | Comments (1)

March 25, 2010

New! Guides & Tutorials pages

If you've ever wanted help with EndNote, searching MEDLINE, or using other tools when the library was closed, now there's a new way to get assistance. The Guides, Tutorials, and Presentations pages provide online tutorials and links to other sources of information for many of the services that the Library provides, and they're always available, whenever you need help.

Guides & Tutorials 3

As always, feel free to contact us in person, or via email or phone if you have any questions.

Posted by cshannon at 10:07 AM | Comments (0)

February 09, 2010

More Changes to PubMed

Changes have been made to the new PubMed interface. Limits can now be accessed from the home page, the Advanced Search page has been simplified, and you can now see a message about items on the Clipboard on the home page, not just on the Search Results page.

If you haven't already seen this, here's the video that demonstrates the PubMed interface released this fall.

Posted by cshannon at 10:48 AM | Comments (0)

A protein may switch off cancer cells

Lights out: A protein may switch off cancer cells

ANN ARBOR, Mich.—A protein acting as a switch to activate the cell death process may prove to be an effective targeted treatment for killing cancer cells.

University of Michigan researchers discovered that the protein called RIP plays a role in mediating both the life and death of squamous cell carcinoma cancer cells, said Yvonne Kapila, associate professor, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine at the School of Dentistry.

This is key because cancer cells elude the normal cell death process. If that process could be activated artificially by a targeted introduction of RIP into cancer patients, those cells could be destroyed before they circulate out of control in the body, Kapila said.

The findings are promising but still a long way from being used as a therapy, Kapila said. Researchers still need to show that introducing RIP is safe before it can be tested in humans.

Kapila's lab set out to find a mechanism that activates cell life and death. "The cell must analyze multiple signals and say, 'OK, am I going to die or am I going to live,'" Kapila said. "We felt there must be some kind of communication between pathways of life and death otherwise the cell will be confused and not know what to do."

Researchers looked at squamous cell carcinoma cells from head and neck tumors and also fibroblasts from mice, but the findings could apply to other cancers as well since the death process is largely the same. They found that RIP was indeed the communicator, interacting with a cell death protein called FAS and with a protein called FAK during cell survival conditions.

Normal cells usually need to attach to a matrix to survive, and die if detached, Kapila said. This unique type of cell death caused by detachment from the matrix is called anoikis. Cancer cells can detach from a matrix but elude anoikis and circulate freely, which allows them to spread and metastasize in the body.

"This is a great advantage," Kapila said. "They can go wherever they like and find a happy home and set up shop there."

Next, researchers modified, or knocked out, portions of RIP to see which parts were critical in each process, Kapila said.

"In the future if one were to use this for therapy, if we know which pieces of the protein are important for each function, we know where to focus," Kapila said.

The next step is to study the process in mice and analyze patient samples of RIP at different levels.

In a separate project, Kapila's group is examining a separate molecule and its success in shrinking tumors, and how it interacts with RIP.

Other authors are Pachiyappan Kamarajan, and Julius Bunek, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, U-M School of Dentistry; Yong Lin, Molecular Biology and Lung Cancer Program, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico; and Gabriel Nunez, Department of Pathology, U-M School of Medicine.

from UM Gateway

Posted by schnitzr at 08:39 AM | Comments (0)

February 08, 2010

Is your pet getting its teeth checked regularly?

When I was at the vet recently(for dental work on a pet), I saw that February is Pet Dental Health Month. As with humans, animals need to have their teeth checked. February is a great time to get this done--maybe your vet will give you a discount too!

Find more information, click here.

Posted by cshannon at 09:48 AM | Comments (1)

February 07, 2010

Give Kids a Smile --Aftermath

Two members of the Health Sciences Libraries' staff spent Saturday morning (2/6/10) distributing reliable health information and giving out MedlinePlus pens, as well as flyers with resources for free/low cost health care, to about 90+ parents at the Give Kids a Smile annual event held at the UM School of Dentistry. While the participants were waiting for their dental check-ups, we also gave out colorful stickers to the children. Other volunteers in the waiting room were occupied with keeping the children entertained, while still others demonstrated (on Mr. Potato Head and various stuffed animals) the correct way to brush one's teeth. The event went very well thanks to the warmth and friendliness of the numerous volunteers (mostly pre-dental and dental students) and to the competence and the organizational efforts of the staff of the Dental School. Thanks to everyone involved in this delightful, extremely worthwhile and highly appreciated annual event. And how often can one make that statement about your ordinary "visit to the dentist"?

Posted by schnitzr at 05:00 AM | Comments (0)

February 02, 2010

Oral health for infants, children, adolescents, pregnant women

The Maternal and Child Health Library at Georgetown University in
collaboration with the National Maternal and Child Oral Health
Resource Center (OHRC) released a new edition of the knowledge path
about oral health for infants, children, adolescents, and pregnant
women.   Presented in time for National Children's Dental Health Month
in February, this electronic guide points to resources that analyze
data, describe effective programs, and report on policy and research
aimed at improving access to and the quality of oral health care. The
knowledge path contains sections with resources for professionals,
resources for consumers, and resources on specific aspects of oral
health. Topics include child care and Head Start, dental caries,
dental sealants, fluoride varnish, K-12 education, pregnancy,
school-based care, and special health care needs. The knowledge path
is available at
Knowledge paths on other topics are available at
http://mchlibrary.info/KnowledgePaths/index.html .

We welcome your comments and help in disseminating this information to
the health education and health promotion communities.

Thank you,

 Susan Brune Lorenzo, MLS

E-mail: smblorenzo@gmail.com

Maternal and Child Health Library

National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health at
Georgetown University

Web site: http://mchlibrary.info


Posted by schnitzr at 03:17 PM | Comments (0)

February 01, 2010

Dentistry Museum Sparkles

"The Michigan Daily" 2/1/10 has an interesting article about the Sindecuse Museum of Dentistry saying that it "is an exhibit you can sink your teeth into." The article continues:

The University hosts one of the few museums in the world specifically dedicated to honoring the discipline of — believe it or not — dentistry.

The Sindecuse Museum of Dentistry is scattered throughout the School of Dentistry and the W.K. Kellogg Institute Building. Named after Dr. Gordon Sindecuse, a University alum, the museum was created in 1992 to preserve dental paraphernalia and recognize the fusion of art and dentistry. The museum contains over 12,000 objects, but only 15 percent of these artifacts are put on display due to lack of space. Most of the items are kept in drawers, portfolios and rolling racks under carefully monitored temperatures to battle decay.

Amber Ostaszewski, an LSA sophomore on staff at the museum, described Sindecuse as a “dental cabinet of curiosity.”

More at: http://www.michigandaily.com/content/dentistry-museum-profile

Posted by schnitzr at 01:57 PM | Comments (0)

January 31, 2010

JEBDP offering CEU's to reviewers

Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice to Offer Continuing Education Units for Reviewers

One of the First US Dental Journals to Link Peer Review to Continuing Education

St Louis, MO, 23 September 2009 – Elsevier, a leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services announced today, that the Editors of Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice (JEBDP), the foremost publication of information about evidence-based dental practice, will begin offering continuing education units (CEUs) to its recognized experts and valued peer reviewers.

With this new policy, External link JEBDP becomes one of the first U.S. dental journals, and the first publication in the burgeoning area of evidence-based dentistry, to award CEUs to reviewers. "We view this as a tangible way of rewarding and expressing appreciation to our dedicated peer reviewers," commented Michael G. Newman, D.D.S., Professor Emeritus at the UCLA School of Dentistry and Editor-in-Chief of JEBDP. "Granting CEUs also recognizes the unique role played by reviewers for JEBDP in developing the authoritative content included in our journal."


Posted by schnitzr at 06:15 AM | Comments (0)

PubMed--additional changes in February:

Watch for:

PubMed® Advanced Search, Limits, and Homepage Revised

Changes coming to PubMed in early February include:

Advanced search page will be streamlined.

A link to Clipboard will be added to the homepage, if applicable.

A new Limits page with additional limits for dates and search field tags.


Posted by schnitzr at 05:18 AM | Comments (0)

January 11, 2010

Women's Health and Fitness Day

Women's Health and Fitness Day is a one-day event for the purpose of educating the community about issues surrounding women's health and fitness. The day will be organized by medical students, faculty members, and staff.
Florine Mark, President and Chairwoman of the Board of Weight Watchers Group, Inc., will talk about "Tools to Be the Best You Can Be," as the keynote speaker at this year's Women's Health and Fitness Day on Saturday, January 23. Organized by the women students of the University of Michigan Medical School, this free community event is aimed at raising awareness about health and fitness issues important to women. Attendees - who can be men or women - participate in a variety of workshops on various health topics, including depression, hypertension, cancer and dieting. There will also be fitness classes - yoga, fitball and zumba. The event will day place at the Ypsilanti High School, 2095 Packard Rd., from 8:30 a.m.-2 p.m. For information, go to www.umich.edu/~medfit/whfd2010 or email whfd.2010@gmail.com

Posted by schnitzr at 07:26 AM | Comments (0)

January 08, 2010

Google News Now Provides a More Journalistic Approach

January 2010
An In-depth Look at the News

Google News has been one of the usual suspects when you want to monitor current news. The challenge of Google News is that the layout and organization of the stories is done by algorithm rather than by a real live human. This sometimes results in stories from less reliable sources being featured, at the expense of providing links to more trustworthy sources. Perhaps the more significant issue is that, in order to read any of the news, you need to click through to the story. Want another perspective? You'll have to go back to Google News, skim the headlines and decide what other sources offer better coverage.

Google has partnered with The Washington Post and The New York Times to provide a more journalistic approach to providing news. This new offering, called Living Stories and still in Google Labs, provides more in-depth coverage of ongoing stories. Right now, the news items being covered include the war in Afghanistan, H1N1 flu, health care reform, global warming and the debate over executive compensation. Yes, a bit US-centric, but I have hopes that Google will expand to more global issues.

Each story includes an in-depth review of the issues involved, a timeline showing key events, selected news articles and features, videos, slideshows, graphics, profiles of the key players, and links to key resources. Because these "living stories" are maintained by editors rather than generated algorithmically, they offer a way to get a good introduction and perspective on a current issue.

Living Stories may not be the go-to source for late-breaking news stories, but this is an exciting initiative. In fact, I hope that newspapers everywhere look at how Living Stories is received; this is a great way to leverage all the content that newspapers produce and tap into the knowledge of reporters by including links to the key primary sources as well.
source: Bates Information Service www.BatesInfo.com/tip.html

Posted by schnitzr at 02:46 PM | Comments (0)

UM Health Sciences Libraries Get Into the Spirit

In addition to our regular workload, the staff of the Health Sciences Libraries (HSL) of the University of Michigan have been busy with a number of charitable activities during the holiday season. Our staff members have taken part in Sponsor-a-Family, a Community Action Network program that provides services to low-income individuals. We have provided age-appropriate holiday presents as well as gift certificates for a local family of four with children ages 17,15, and 2, according to a wish-list that this group has submitted to us.

The HSL have also been active in acquiring and recycling eyeglasses in conjunction with a Lions Club project. The glasses are first sent to a nearby prison where they are cleaned and repaired by prisoners and then sent abroad to be distributed to those who need them in developing countries. Over the past three years, we have collected the equivalent of nine large boxes filled with recycled eyeglasses passed along to us by our users.

Because there has been a shortage in local Michigan food banks due to the economy, staff members have contributed to the supply by bringing in non-perishable cans of soup, beans, and other healthy food items. This has been an activity coordinated by our affiliated hospital’s patient nutrition unit.

Finally, on a continuous basis we are collecting warm clothing, including socks, gloves, hats, scarves, down jackets, and blankets—all intended for the inhabitants of our city’s homeless shelter.

Posted by schnitzr at 11:43 AM | Comments (0)

CRLT Winter 2010 Seminar Series

The Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) is pleased to present our Winter 2010 Seminar Series. To register for the following seminars, please visit our website at http://www.crlt.umich.edu/faculty/facseminar.php, where you will find detailed descriptions of each program.
> **Teaching in, with, and about Museums:
> Engaging Students in Materially Different Ways
> 1/26 2:00-4:00 p.m.
> **Teaching Undergraduates in the Archives:
> The Future of the Past
> 2/2 2:00-4:00 p.m.
> **Active Learning with 20-150 Students
> 2/10 3:00-5:00 p.m.
> **Now That I Have It, What Grade Should I Give It?
> Evaluating Student Writing
> 2/11 4:00-6:00 p.m.
> **Using Technology to Provide Students with Effective Feedback
> 2/15 3:00-5:00 p.m.
> **Mentoring Graduate Students Through the Dissertation
> 2/16 3:00-5:00 p.m.
> **Rethinking the Science Lecture:
> Using Inquiry to Improve Student Learning
> 2/22 1:00-3:00 p.m.
> **Arts at the Core: The Importance of the Arts in the
> 21st-Century Curriculum
> 3/9 12:00-1:30 p.m.
> **When Race Breaks Out
> 3/25 3:00-5:00 p.m.
> Seminars are open to faculty on all three campuses (Ann Arbor, Dearborn, and Flint) and are free of charge.
> CRLT North presents our Winter 2010 Engineering Programs. For more information and to register, please visit http://www.engin.umich.edu/teaching/crltnorth/currentworkshops.html
> **A Conversation on the Future of Engineering Education
> with Sheri Sheppard and James Duderstadt
> 2/5 2:30-4:00 p.m.
> **Teaching for Student Retention in Engineering
> 2/18 11:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m.
> **First Days: (dis)Ability in the Classroom
> (A CRLT Players performance)
> 3/31 2:00-4:00 p.m.
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------

Posted by schnitzr at 11:41 AM | Comments (0)

UM Copyright Office Soon to Have Open Hours

The UM Library Copyright Office offers scholars, researchers, staff, and students clear and straightforward information about copyright. To learn more, use the links on the left to navigate the collection of resources created by the Copyright Office.

Sometimes, you just need to talk to someone. Starting in February,Melissa Levine, Lead Copyright Officer and Greg Grossmeier, Copyright Specialist offer regular public hours. Please stop by with your questions and feel free to refer students, faculty, and others who may need some help. We are always available at copyright@umich.edu and by appointment. Give us a call.

We are always looking for ways to improve this site and welcome your questions, comments, and feedback.

The information presented here is intended for informational purposes and should not be construed as legal advice. If you have specific legal questions pertaining to the University of Michigan, please contact the Office of the General Counsel.

Posted by schnitzr at 11:35 AM | Comments (0)

August 25, 2009

Losing Dental Insurance

A story and entry in the "Well" blog at the New York Times, discuss the problems of lack of dental insurance.

The article:

The blog:

Posted by cshannon at 09:06 AM | Comments (0)

August 05, 2009


According to the Special Libraries Association, JADA is one of most influential Biology and Medicine journals over the last 100 years. It was the only dental journal recognized.

Here's the list and here's JADA's news release.

Posted by markmac at 10:52 AM | Comments (2)

July 23, 2009

For the Kids: Dental Press from the FDA and NIDCR

NIDCR: Xylitol Syrup Helps to Prevent Childhood Tooth Decay

In the July issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, researchers partially funded through NIDCR may have found the answer. It’s a soft capsule filled with 8 milliliters of strawberry-flavored xylitol syrup. Parents can pull it apart and squeeze the syrup directly into their child’s mouth. In a year-long randomized trial of 94 toddlers whose primary teeth were “coming in,” the researchers found that children who received two capsules a day could prevent up to 70 percent of decayed teeth. They found that the protection against decay was not increased with three capsules per day. The study was conducted in the Micronesian Marshall Islands, where the caries rate is two to three times that of the typical American mainland community. According to the authors, this marks the first time to their knowledge that xylitol has been shown to be “effective for the prevention of decay in primary teeth for toddlers.”

Milgrom P, Ly KA, Tut OK, Mancl L, Roberts MC, Briand K, and Gancio MJ. Xylitol pediatric topical oral syrup to prevent dental caries, Arch Pediatr Adolsc Med 2009:163: 601-607. http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/163/7/601

FDA Urges Consumers Not to Purchase or Use Certain Gel-Filled Teethers Products found to contain bacteria; voluntary nationwide recall underway

Luv N’ Care Ltd. of Monroe, La., is initiating a nationwide recall of gel-filled teethers with the brand names “Nuby,” “Cottontails” and “Playschool,” because the liquid inside the gel-filled teethers has been found to contain Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus circulans bacteria in the gel.


Posted by pfa at 12:38 PM | Comments (0)

May 20, 2009

Interested in a new kind of journal impact factor? Mendeley's on it!

I've written before about Mendeley, the tool that combines citation management with social networking. It's got a really cool feature that's becoming more important as the number of articles in Mendeley increases (more than 1 million now). Mendeley provides article-level usage statistics in real time, to create a new kind of impact factor. You can see how often the article is downloaded, shared, and the average reading time.

Thanks to Cameron Neylon for this image.
Mendeley research stats pg

What this means: you don't have to wait years to see how often an article is being cited.

To see the complete post, click here:

Check out this video of a short presentation by one of Mendeley’s creators, Victor Henning, at the recent "Next Web" conference in Amsterdam.

Link: Mendeley @ TheNextWeb Conference

And remember that I'm giving a presentation June 10 on Mendeley in the School of Dentistry's IT Boot Camp series. Come to see it or look for it on SlideShare and the School of Dentistry and HSL web sites.

Posted by cshannon at 10:11 AM | Comments (0)

May 01, 2009

Probable swine flu infection closes Harvard dental clinic

Classes at all three schools (Dental, Medical, and Public Health) on the Longwood campus were also closed as a precaution.


Posted by cshannon at 10:39 AM | Comments (0)

March 10, 2009

ADA's New Evidence Based Dentistry Site

Of interest to our entire community, the American Dental Association has just released their new website on evidence-based dentistry.

ADA: EBD: http://ebd.ada.org/

ADA: Evidence Based Dentistry

The site includes a useful set of resources and tools, including: systematic reviews, clinical synopses of the evidence, recommendations from the ADA, resources and tools, as well as a community space.

ADA Evidence Based Dentistry

The community space is not terribly well developed at this point, being a new service, but I am very excited that it was included and eagerly anticipate richer expansion of this section. I sent this and a few other thoughts and suggestions. I hope that you will also send your thoughts to the ADA to help develop this new and valuable community resource in directions of the greatest value to the profession.

Posted by pfa at 06:46 PM | Comments (0)

February 05, 2009

Dental Patent #1: 1876, Dental Articulators

We are beginning a new series which we hope you will enjoy. Some years ago the Dentistry Library had the opportunity to acquire a collection of historic dental patents covering the late 1800s through the early 1900s. The collection is intriguing for several reasons. Most important, the collection includes copies of patents award to such notables of dental history as Claudius Ash, Samuel S. White, and William Taggart.

The collection is of patents from the United Kingdom, but includes a great many American inventors. The reason for this is that it was more difficult to gain patents in the USA, so a common strategy was to first apply for a UK or European continental patent, and to use that patent to establish precedence in the American patent application process. You can find patents from New York, Florida, South Carolina as well as Austria, France and of course England.

The variety of careers represented is also curious. Many of the dental patents actually came not from dentists, but from engineers, jewelers, and people who identified themselves as Gentlemen or Gentlelady.

We have a partial finding aid available:


Currently we are seeking support to complete the finding aid and find new ways to make this unusual collection more available to the public. As we begin this process, for the next few weeks we will highlight one patent per week, illustrating some of the more interesting aspects of the collection.

Our first highlighted patent is the earliest one in the collection, from 1876 on dental articulators.

AUTHOR: Davidson, George Gensee.
CLASS: Dental Articulators.
ADDRESS: 415 Old Kent Road, Lambeth, UK
TITLE: Improvements in the Construction of Dental Articulators
APPLICATION DATE: January 5, 1876
AWARD DATE: April 19, 1876

Here is an image of the key innovation.

Dental Patents

Here are other images from this patent.

Let us know what you think of this project. You can send email to the Health Science Libraries at hslibraries@umich.edu, or add comments to this blogpost or the images in Flickr. We look forward to your feedback.

Posted by pfa at 03:27 PM | Comments (1)

February 03, 2009

New Oral Cancer Tests: Crucial or Wasteful?

From today's New York Times.


Posted by cshannon at 10:05 AM | Comments (1)

December 11, 2008

NYC postpones plan to close free dental clinics

Here's a follow-up story from the NY Daily News. The city is currently studying ways to make the program more efficient (that is, they still want to cut its budget). This will be discussed at a NYC city council meeting this month.


Posted by cshannon at 09:36 AM | Comments (0)

November 21, 2008

NYC to close free dental clinics

From today's New York Times:
New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg plans to shut down 44 free dental clinics used by poor children in order to save the city $2.5 million, The Daily News reports. Dentists say the clinics are used by some 17,000 kids.

And from the Daily News, a response from dentists.

Posted by cshannon at 11:18 AM | Comments (0)

November 19, 2008

To Treat Properly, First Deal With the Fear

An interesting article in the New York Times "Cases" series.


Posted by cshannon at 09:39 AM | Comments (0)

September 29, 2008

Farewell to the Dentistry Library, Hello to the Future

In early July, the School of Dentistry had a farewell party for me as I shift to my new position as the Emerging Technologies Librarian, and as the Dentistry Library was closed to the public, permanently. The party was amazing. I was and remain deeply touched. Today we are having a welcoming event for the School of Dentistry at the Health Sciences Library, where the collections of the Dentistry Library were moved, and where the School of Dentistry community will now go for access to collections and for library services and support. I'd like to take just a moment to talk briefly about this sea change in our environment and how it has come about, from my own personal point of view.

In Fall 1997, at the Midwest Medical Library Association meeting, Nancy Allee and Doreen Bradley began trying to persuade me to apply here for the position of the Head of the Dentistry Library. They were quickly and enthusiastically joined by a number of other folk at UM, which I of course found quite flattering. I had one big question - "Why me? I don't know anything about dentistry - I'm a computer geek."

Well, before the interview, I made sure I learned a few things about dentistry! I read the IOM report, read reports about trends in the profession and workforce, reviewed NERB study materials, and looked at patterns of administrative structures of various leading dental schools, especially the University of Michigan. I quickly discovered my own reasons for wanting to work with dentistry.

Foremost among these reasons were the following.
- oral health is the last major social health care frontier
- there is still today prejudice and discrimination against persons of lower socioeconomic status as identified by the condition of their smile
- there is significant isolation of and discrimination against persons with facial difference
- SoD faculty have a history of working to promote the social good
- the University of Michigan School of Dentistry (SoD) is consistently ranked among the very best dental schools in the world
- the UM SoD was the only dental school in the world with both an independent library and a museum of dental history
- the UM Dentistry Library was one of the largest in the world, later the largest in the world

During the interview, I was told by my soon-to-be new boss that there was consideration of merging the Dentistry Library with the Medical Library, and that part of my assignment would be to come up with the resources to preserve it. At that time, I was given a deadline of fiver years before the Dentistry Library would be closed. Now, eleven years later, we are indeed merging the Dentistry Library with the Medical Library, and I am moving on to a new and different position. I would be lying if I said I wasn't sad about being the last librarian of the University of Michigan Dentistry Library, that I don't feel any sense of failure. I would be oversimplifying if I focused on just the sadness. It just isn't that simple.

There are many reasons for closing the Dentistry Library. I was not privy to the discussions in which the decision was made, did not know about the decision until moments before it was announced. I cannot speak to what the reasons were for that decision, but there is probably no one who knows better reasons for why this decision should have been made, and was, in my opinion, inevitable.

There are two main clusters of reasons I would give for the closing of the Dentistry Library. The first group relates to facilities issues as well as economic and fiscal resources; the second group relates to educational trends at the University of Michigan and within the School of Dentistry, trends in dental education specifically, and broader global trends in education.

I don't want to spend a lot of time focusing on what we needed and didn't have for resources to keep the library open. Very briefly, let me say that before I ever arrived there were major facilities issues that needed to be resolved, and that contributed to long standing problems over my tenure with the library. Staffing had peaked some years before I arrived, and had begun to decline. That was a concern during my interview, but the staffing increases I negotiated at that time never became reality. Everyone in academia should be well aware of the increasing costs of building and maintaining collections. There were chronic challenges in all these areas. Yes, every library faces the same challenges, but smaller libraries feel these more keenly. My personal opinion is that unless a small library is positioned in a strongly supportive organization with generous resources that is actively growing its own economic base, the smaller libraries will not survive in the way we now think of them.

Part of the reason for all of this is the evolving information environment and trends in education. I've been tracking these types of questions and trends my entire career, since I was in grad school, eating breakfast at the Little Brown Job with Carl Berger back in the mid80s, listening to his theories on gaming in education. Let me try to distill just the highlights of these long standing trends into small bits. I want to start by looking at this in the broadest sense or education overall. Take a look at the following six minute video - trust me, it is worth watching.

Stop and think for a moment. What would be the impact of these on your neighborhood library, on libraries such as the Dentistry Library? How do you justify the ongoing existence and costs of a small library located physically near your campus space in a world such as that described? If that doesn't quite convince you, you might take a look at edu@2020, a 16 minute video that focuses more explicitly on education rather than society at large.

Uploaded by webber

The main issues in both of these are the impact of changing tech on education, especially how it is delivered. Most significantly is the shift toward information and education being delivered remotely via new and emerging technologies.

Over the past few months, I've had several conversations with individuals at the School of Dentistry about these issues. The initial reaction has tended to be along the lines of "but not us." These issues do apply locally.

If you don't believe me, believe John King, the Vice Provost for Academic Information of the University of Michigan. This video from Dr. King is an exemplary development of these issues, positioning them broadly within a historical context and developing them in both local and global contexts. This presentation (an hour and a half in length, but a truly brilliant intellectual thoughtpiece on the evolution and immediate future of education) was given to the Librarians Forum at UM, but I have heard Dr. King deliver much the same message more recently, last May at Enriching Scholarship. This is not a passing fad.

Even within the School of Dentistry we see new online initiatives such as the degree completion program for Dental Hygiene and the shift toward moving more of the 4th year curriculum to remote sites. More and more of the education we do will be done in other locations than the physical site of the current School of Dentistry buildings. As less and less education, teaching, and research is happening in the building, can you justify a major renovation to preserve a library located in the building that is no longer being used as much for the target audience of the people who are no longer there? Sounds, pretty obvious, put that way, doesn't it?

Yes, some of the education must happen locally. I was in a meeting where Dr. King asked the audience something along the lines of, "Do you think in the future some of our courses might be given in durations other than a semester in length? Yes? What lengths? A month? A week?" The answers were all yes, and the people answering were all faculty. So we bring students to campus for just the portion of th educational process that really depends on face-to-face delivery.

No, we aren't there yet. Yes, it is too soon. But it is coming, and coming faster than we might think. I myself have seen a 3d simultation of a virtual emergency room simulation that is either equivalent or very close to equivalent to manniquin simulations, anv vastly less expensive, more widely available geographically, and accessible 24/7/365. How long until we have something similar for portions of dental education? Most of you have seen the demonstrations of the 3D Tooth Atlas and the haptic devices that are in development.

So, the Dentistry Library closed earlier than I wished, earlier than many of you wished. In good conscience I cannot argue that we should be building a new space for it to resolve the facilities issues, given the context of the shifts in education, both locally and globally. I can honestly say that I miss the people and environment of the School of Dentistry, miss you all terribly. I believe that in my new position of Emerging Technologies Librarian, I am positioned in the place where I hope I can best help you all with this transition and moving into our future. Do please stay in touch. Ask me questions; visit; and let's explore, together, options and opportunities for embracing and building on the shifts that are triggering changes like this all across the educational landscape, both within dentistry and beyond.

Posted by pfa at 01:15 PM | Comments (0)

September 10, 2008

Dentistry Collection @ Taubman

More good news: All dentistry books are now integrated by call number with the collection at Taubman, so you should have no trouble finding them on the 6th floor.

Journals are almost done as well--just a few more rows to go.

Posted by cshannon at 09:21 AM | Comments (0)

August 27, 2008

Dentistry Collection @ Taubman

Great news! The integration of the Dentistry monographs with the Taubman collection continues apace. Almost all books are in their proper places on the shelves on the 6th floor. If the title you’re looking for has a call number beginning with RT through Z though, it will still be in the section behind the copiers.

We’ve made progress with integrating the Dentistry journals as well. With the exception of 2 sections, journals have been integrated with the Taubman collection on the 5th and 6th floors. Journals with titles beginning with B through D and P through Z are still on the far left shelves of the 5th floor.

As always, if you're having trouble finding something, please ask for help!

Posted by cshannon at 09:55 AM | Comments (0)

August 13, 2008

Dentistry Collection @ Taubman

All books in the Dentistry collection are now back from scanning. They're being integrated into the Taubman collection over the next two months,so for a while, you'll have to check in two places for dental titles. Right now, most dental books are on the shelves on the 6th floor directly behind the photocopiers, so check there first. If you don't find what you're looking for, then check in the main part of the book stacks.

Remember, if you can't find something that should be on the shelves, please ask for help!

Posted by cshannon at 08:43 AM | Comments (0)

July 16, 2008

Dentistry Collection @ Taubman

Here’s some more information on the move of the Dentistry collection to the Taubman Medical Library.

Reserves are available, except for a small number of items for which we had only one copy (these are being scanned and will be the first books back). Just ask for them by call number at the Circulation Desk.

For faculty, if you haven’t received an email regarding reserves for the fall term, please contact Jenny Wu at yhwu@umich.edu.

Books will be coming to Taubman in groups over the next month as they are scanned for the Google project. If you need a title urgently, please ask at the Circ Desk & we will recall it for you (we’ve already done this, so don’t hesitate to ask).

Posted by cshannon at 09:35 AM | Comments (0)

July 14, 2008

Dentistry Library Journals

The Dentistry Library journals are now accessible at the Taubman Medical Library. Although they are currently being merged with the Taubman journals, a good portion of the collection is still shelved separately. Eventually, the two collections will be shelved together. If you need help finding a journal, please feel free to contact staff at the reference/circulation desk.

Posted by markmac at 09:46 AM | Comments (0)

June 25, 2008

Dentistry Faculty in Ann Arbor News

The Ann Arbor News has printed a story about the Virtual Reality in Health event at the Duderstadt Center last week. Dr Mark Fitzgerald - who gave an excellent overview of the School of Dentistry's use of simulations to train dental students - is quoted:

Last fall, U-M's Dentistry school began training students with simulations using technology similar to the computer animation software used for Pixar's movies, said Mark Fitzgerald.

It offers dental students the chance to work on memorizing sequences of teeth and to familiarize themselves with the task at hand before practicing on a mannequin or getting to work on a real patient, said the associate chair of the school's Cariology, Restorative Sciences and Endodontics department.

Trying out the 3-D disaster simulator last week, Fitzgerald praised the realism of the immersion technique.

"It'd beat the socks off of sitting in a chair and listening to someone talk about it,'' Fitzgerald said.

But the problem in integrating simulation technology is making sure it's cost effective - many dental simulators on the market cost upwards of $60,000 a piece, he said. The school is looking for options that would be far cheaper than that, he said.

Posted by markmac at 11:36 AM | Comments (0)

June 09, 2008

Update on the Consolidation of the Dentistry Library

Earlier this year, the Dean of the School of Dentistry announced, after meeting with Paul Courant, the Dean of Libraries, and Jane Blumenthal, the Director of the Health Sciences Libraries, that the current physical dentistry library space in the Dental Building "would no longer be needed for archiving the print collection".

In terms of dates, the Dentistry Library is scheduled to close to the public on June 27. The library's print collection will be subsequently moved to the Taubman Medical Library in July. Some of the collection's duplicates will be withdrawn, but the collection as a whole will remain intact and accessible at Taubman.

During this time (and beyond), the Health Sciences Libraries will continue to provide collection, research, and educational support to Dental faculty, staff, and students. The Dentistry liaison librarian will continue work closely with the Dental community to ensure that the Health Sciences Libraries continue to meet the school's clinical, research, and curricular needs.

If you have any questions and/or comments regarding the consolidation, please contact Mark MacEachern at markmac@umich.edu.

Posted by markmac at 01:59 PM | Comments (0)

June 02, 2008

NEWS: New research offers insight into oral cancer, chronic pediatric ear infections, and hearing health

New research exemplifies wide variety of issues addressed by ENTs
SOURCE: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/aaoo-nro052908.php

Alexandria, VA – Three new studies published in the June 2008 edition of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery focus on what role gender plays in the prognosis of oral tongue cancer, chronic ear infections in children, and the success rates of hearing aid implants in the elderly.

“These studies are prime examples of the wide variety of critical research being undertaken every day by otolaryngologist-head and neck surgeons; research that will improve physicians’ ability to provide the best patient care for the ear, nose, throat, head and neck,? said journal editor Richard M. Rosenfeld, MD.

Researchers at the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy, found that although oral cancer is more prevalent in men, in their study group of 71 women and 142 men diagnosed with tongue cancer, gender did not influence prognosis. Based on this, the researchers concluded that employing a less aggressive course of treatment in female patients due to their gender was not justified.

A second study looks into speech performance when using digital hearing aids of the “young elderly? (65-80) compared with older elderly people (over 80). In this study by Taiwanese researchers, 59 patients with hearing loss and digital hearing aids were divided into two groups based on age. The study showed that age played no role in the improvement of a patient’s ability to hear, with both groups exhibiting improved performance in the four months following the hearing aid fitting. The authors believe that based on this research, physicians should not view age as a limiting factor as to whether to fit older patients with hearing aids.

A third study focuses on pediatric care, looking into the cause and treatment of chronic ear infections where fluid is present behind the ear drum (otitis media with effusion). Results from this study, conducted by Australian researchers, indicate that the presence of intracellular bacteria in the middle ear plays an important role in the development of inflamed tissue and mucus in the area. Therefore, according to researchers, using antibiotics that specifically target intracellular bacteria may prove to be a more effective course of treatment.

Posted by pfa at 02:21 PM | Comments (0)

May 25, 2008

Bootcamp Podcasts Available in Open.Michigan

I just discovered that selections from the podcast series I've been doing for the School of Dentistry have been released as collection in the Open.Michigan initiative. Here is more information.


Explore other entries in the above blog for more materials from the School of Dentistry. Some very cool resources being made available!

Open.Michigan iTunesU Bootcamp Collection

Posted by pfa at 10:14 AM | Comments (0)

March 02, 2008

Postdoctoral Research Associate Position in Dental Informatics

The Center for Dental Informatics (CDI) at the University of Pittsburgh is currently recruiting for a postdoctoral position to help support its growing research initiatives. We are looking for an individual with education and research experience in one or more of the following areas:

- user-centered design/rapid prototyping
- cognitive science
- computer-supported collaborative work (CSCW)
- computer-mediated communication
- biomedical informatics

Those methodological areas of expertise will support research projects in clinical informatics and/or collaborative systems and computer-supported collaborative work. In clinical informatics, key projects are the development and evaluation of a multimodal interface for electronic dental records, the exploration of 3D representations of patient data, and decision support. In CSCW, we are focused on the development and evaluation of online communities and knowledge management systems.

Guaranteed funding for two years will help you launch your career as an independent researcher. You will be able to dedicate 100% of your time to research, mentored by one or more faculty member(s). Your faculty mentor will assist you in performing research, writing publications, and applying for independent funding.

Requirements: Post-graduate degree (DMD/DDS, MD or PhD) and training in HCI, informatics, CSCW, computer science or a related discipline. Ability to independently perform research in one of the above areas with mentoring from a faculty member. Ability to write and publish journal articles.

To apply, send the following to Heiko Spallek (hspallek at pitt.edu):
- Curriculum vitae
- One-page description of your research interests
- Contact information for three references
- One writing sample-preferably a published or accepted paper

For more information on CDI faculty and their research interests, please visit http://di.dental.pitt.edu.

Posted by pfa at 03:50 PM | Comments (0)

January 23, 2008

Dentistry Library Transitions Mean Blog Transitions!

Those who watch this blog closely may have noticed that we changed the title of the blog:

Dentistry Library

Dental Information & Library Innovation

This name reflects some of the exciting transitions we will be undergoing over the next few months. I can't say it better than it was said by the Dean, so I have requested permission to share with our blog readers his message to the School community.


To the School of Dentistry Community:

This communication reflects the announcement and discussions at the faculty
meeting today that included Paul Courant, University Librarian & Dean of
Libraries, and Jane Blumenthal, Head of the Health Sciences Libraries.

There will soon be changes occurring in many of the libraries on the
University of Michigan campus. This will affect the Dentistry Library and
how it has been operated.

As demand and interests shift from print to electronic resources, the need
for a physical presence and onsite archiving of print materials lessens.
The University Library System and the School of Dentistry have agreed that
the physical space occupied by the Dentistry Library will no longer be
needed for archiving the print collection. Ongoing costs and utilization
assessments can no longer justify maintaining the physical space in the
School of Dentistry. This issue is not unique to dentistry or to the U of M
and is manifesting itself in nearly all disciplines and in most if not all
institutions worldwide.

With this change in the library structure, the dental librarian's role and
title will change to that of informationist. The informationist will have
an office in the dentistry building and will work with faculty, staff and
students on teaching, research, grants, informatics, community outreach and
special projects.

The collection will be removed from the Dental Building. The schedule for
this has not yet been determined, but we will keep you informed. We will
maintain access to books and journals and will continue to provide a full
range of library services, including electronic document and print materials
delivery services.

A combined School of Dentistry/Health Sciences Library task force will
facilitate the transition to a digital information resource by identifying
facilities and services that must be implemented as an interface to the
digital information resource. The task force will hold open meetings to
discuss these needs and any other issues to ensure that the transition
occurs smoothly.

We appreciate the essential role Patricia Anderson has played in the Dental
School and her contributions to its teaching and research. Patricia will
now focus on emerging technologies. She has been reassigned to the Taubman
Library, and I know that she will flourish in that role.

Peter J. Polverini, Dean

Posted by pfa at 11:30 AM | Comments (0)

December 31, 2007

Highlights: End of December 2007

Items from the Dentistry Library Twitterstream.

Excellent NYT article on the techniques and tech of toothbrushing. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/20/fashion/20SKIN.html 09:12 AM December 20, 2007

Michigan News: Livingston County raises $$ for low-cost dental clinic http://www.whmi.com/news/ar... 08:51 AM December 20, 2007

William 'Refrigerator' Perry Visits Dentist for First Time in 20 Years, Now Has Full Smile http://tinyurl.com/2x9vzh 08:48 AM December 20, 2007

Prague dentist finds Nazi treasure hoard http://tinyurl.com/2bfau9 08:46 AM December 20, 2007

Canadian college student sues dental school http://tinyurl.com/yo6ysh 08:44 AM December 20, 2007

Posted by pfa at 11:50 AM | Comments (0)

December 19, 2007

Highlights: Massages, Laughing Gas, African Children & Iraqi Dentists

This week's Twitterstream.

NEWS: "Air Force dental team cares for Iraqi counterparts" http://tinyurl.com/28c689

NEWS: "ALMOST half of six-year-olds have cavities in their teeth, ... worse that children from parts of Africa." http://tinyurl.com/2y56p6 12:48 PM December 18, 2007

NEWS: Georgette Watson, 46, of Skokie died after going into cardiac arrest during a root canal @ Feldman & Feldman. http://tinyurl.com/yvkafw 12:46 PM December 18, 2007

Local folks: Brown Bag today on intellectual property, Rm. G390. See you there! 10:30 AM December 12, 2007

ScienceDaily: To Keep Mouths Safe, Don't Just Wear A Mouthguard; Keep It Clean http://tinyurl.com/3yc42n 10:15 AM December 12, 2007

Eastman Dental Center Lands a $532K Grant for Teledentistry http://tinyurl.com/3xxm6e 10:15 AM December 12, 2007

Ohio dentist: sells "Holiday Sparkle Packages" that include teeth whitening procedures, facials and massages http://tinyurl.com/2pdxbq 10:13 AM December 12, 2007

News: JADA Study: Patients like their smiles better than dentists do. http://tinyurl.com/34bo3x 10:56 AM December 11, 2007

1844: Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is used as a dental anesthetic for the first time. http://tinyurl.com/yrt5fw 10:50 AM December 11, 2007

Posted by pfa at 01:39 PM | Comments (0)

December 04, 2007

Another Way to Keep Track of Our News - Dentistry Library now on Twitter!

The Dentistry Library is now expanding our outreach with an easy way to keep track of what is new in the field and at the library. You may have heard of Twitter, which is described as a microblogging tool. Basically, instead of the long articles you have seen here in our blog, in Twitter the entries are 140 characters -- or less!

We hope to have the Twitter entries display on our home page when it is revised (process to begin later this month). In the meantime, we will occasionally list our recent Twitter entries in a blog post, for you to explore as you wish. So, you can either check out our "Twitterstream" or just keep watching our blog. Sooner or later, the information will come to you.

Here is the link to our Twitter account:

Here are our first 20 tweets (another word for a Twitter post) in reverse chronological order:

Posted by pfa at 09:28 AM | Comments (2)

November 02, 2007

What to do with all that Halloween candy?

Dr. Terry Preece in Utah has figured out what to do about all his patients and the Halloween candy they pick up. He buys it from them at a dollar a pound!

Davis County dentist holds 'candy-for-cash' Halloween buyback: http://www.abc4.com/news/local/story.aspx?content_id=ba15b913-1eb9-4015-9f1a-ea2f858e8460

He isn't the only dentist doing this. Across the country, countless dentists are engaging in similar programs to encourage children to reduce the consumption of Halloween candies. Closer to home, Dr. Paul W. Allen from Saginaw and Dr. Kevin Flood from Grand Rapids are doing the same thing.

Dentist's sweet deal tops half-ton of candy: http://www.mlive.com/news/saginawnews/index.ssf?/base/news-24/1194020567306600.xml&coll=9

He gives $1 a pound for Halloween candy: http://www.mlive.com/grandrapids/stories/index.ssf?/base/news-0/1193770655172490.xml&coll=6

Dentists collect candy to ship overseas to the troups in Iraq in Chico, California; Bristol, Tennessee; and Harrison, Pensylvania.

Bristol dentist pays kids for Halloween candy to send along to soldiers in Iraq: http://www.tricities.com/tristate/tri/news.apx.-content-articles-TRI-2007-11-02-0011.html

Treats for the troops: Children turn in Halloween candy: http://www.chicoer.com/news/ci_7348501

Dentists pay children for their Halloween candy, send it to Iraq: http://www.thejournalnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071102/NEWS02/711020348/1018/NEWS02

Other folks are also coming up with ideas for how to use up all the worrisome bounty. The ideas include:

  1. buy it from the kids,

  2. hide it,

  3. throw it out,

  4. share it with neighbors,

  5. take it to work,

  6. cook with it,

  7. use it in art projects,

  8. save it for goody bags at a party,

  9. stuff a pinata for your child's next party,

  10. use it to barter for good behavior, or

  11. as a homework reward.

Five ways to use all that candy: http://specialchildren.about.com/b/2007/10/31/five-ways-to-use-all-that-halloween-candy.htm

Manage a candy stash for kids: http://news.cincypost.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071031/LIFE/710310340/1005

A rather creative approach is sharing candy with the Pumpkin Fairy (mysterious donations outside your door) or the Haggle Fairy (parents bartering change for candy) as mentioned in this article from San Francisco.

Halloween Candy Meltdown Time: How do parents deal with all the kids' toxic treats? Bribes, theft, fairies and total apathy: http://www.sfgate.com/flat/archive/2007/10/30/g/a/2007/10/30/candy.html

One idea that has really gotten attention this year is building a gingerbread house from Halloween candy. The famous FLYLady recommended gluing candy to a cardboard box framework with an eggwhite-based frosting, "the kind that dries into something resembling sheetrock". She included pictures of the gingerbread house made by her grandchildren, but you can find other patterns or ideas with an Internet search engine.

HouseFairy: Best Rooms: Bright Ideas: Building a Gingerbread House: http://www.housefairy.org/gallery/thumbnails.php?album=5

For my child, a big point is how to not get the candy in the first place, since he has special health requirements that mean he cannot have artificial food additives (especially dyes) or chocolate, poor thing. Some years we've gotten lucky with people giving treats that were things he could have, but this was not one of those years. He received two treats he could keep -- a container of applesauce, and a marshmallow. Rarely, we find white chocolate or organic candies, but don't really expect that. We are thrilled when people consider offering non-candy treats. Here are some ideas from good things he received in other years, and other non-candy ideas for treats. Remember to get things that are safe for children, and have a mix of items appropriate for a range of ages and genders.

  1. Balloons filled with helium
  2. Beads (as in small jewelry making kits and supplies for girls)
  3. Bubble stuff (small bottles)
  4. "Bugeye" viewing lenses
  5. Bugs or dinosaurs (plastic toys)
  6. Cars or trains (plastic toys)
  7. Cereal bars / snacks
  8. Chips or crackers (snack bags)
  9. Cinnamon sticks (with a packet of instant cider?)
  10. Coloring books
  11. Coupons for fastfood restaurants
  12. Decks of cards
  13. Fake blood (small tubes)
  14. Fake tattoos
  15. Fruit bars
  16. Fruit leather
  17. Glow in the dark (glow stick) necklaces or wristbands
  18. Glow sticks - chemical "flares"
  19. Granola bars
  20. Halloween theme toys (small ones)
  21. Keychains
  22. Keychains with lights!
  23. Laser pet toys
  24. Magic tricks
  25. Magnifying glasses
  26. Marbles
  27. Mardi gras beads
  28. Mini-books (scary stories or monsters)
  29. Mini-flashlights
  30. Money (real or play)
  31. Monster toys / decorations
  32. Noisemakers
  33. Notepads (seasonal themed)
  34. Nut bars or peanuts (remember, some kids are allergic to these, too!)
  35. Origami paper and patterns
  36. Party favors & dollar store items
  37. Playdough minis
  38. Ramen
  39. Rubber stamps (seasonal)
  40. Safety lights
  41. Skeletons or skulls (plastic)
  42. "Slime"
  43. Snakes (rubber or plastic)
  44. Spider rings
  45. Straws (as in fancy, plastic ones, especially Halloween themed)
  46. Superballs
  47. Tops
  48. Tracing paper (small pads)
  49. Vampire teeth (plastic)
  50. Whistles


Leftover Halloween candy recipes: http://www.squidoo.com/leftovercandy/

Halloween candy is a magical recipe ingredient: http://www.mlive.com/food/grpress/index.ssf?/base/features-2/119383891019280.xml&coll=6

Left-over candy - a few ideas for you: http://www.wtopnews.com/index.php?nid=456&sid=1285065

Got extra Halloween candy? Make candybar cookies: http://www.clevelandleader.com/node/3443

How to ... use up Halloween candy: http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/lifestyle/337293_stayhowto30.html

Posted by pfa at 11:56 PM | Comments (0)

July 30, 2007

New Exhibit: Willoughby D. Miller

The Dentistry Library is pleased to announce, in partnership with the Sindecuse Museum of Dentistry, a new exhibit on the life and research of Willoughby Dayton Miller. These exhibits are mounted in recognition of the 100th anniversary of Dr. Miller's untimely death.

WD Miller was hired to be the second dean of our School of Dentistry, having been recruited by Neville Hoff. Dr. Miller died shortly after his arrival in this country, having met with the faculty to discuss hopes for the future of the school, but never having the opportunity to implement any of these plans. Why was Miller so aggressively recruited? Because at that time, he was the very best known scientist in all of dentistry, having discovered the relationship between oral microflora and caries.

Miller's research was largely focused on saliva, but is still cited widely today. Recent articles citing his work appear in journals on dentistry (of course), surgery, obstetrics, microbiology, medicine, cancer, pathology, military medicine, and more. Some of the cancer articles are related to recent work on salivary diagnostics. Miller is one of those astonishing researchers whose work has immediate relevance far beyond the culture and times in which he lived and worked.

The Sindecuse Museum exhibit cases will highlight the life and times of Dr. Miller, with more information forthcoming from the Museum. The Library portion of the exhibit highlights research done by Dr. Miller that is still influential today. Both exhibits will remain on display through the end of 2007. A web-based version of the exhibit is forthcoming.

Posted by pfa at 04:17 PM | Comments (0)

July 16, 2007

Dentists Do More Than Mouths - Diagnosis of Systemic Conditions

From Moline Illinois comes this nice article about 10 general health conditions dentists can diagnose.

Medical Breakthrough -- 10 Things Your Dentist Can Diagnose: http://www.wqad.com/Global/story.asp?S=6762960&nav=7k8p

What are the ten conditions?

Heart Disease
Kidney Disease
Oral Cancer

Posted by pfa at 02:09 PM | Comments (0)

July 13, 2007

No Fluoride in NO LA

The Time Picayune reported that there has been no fluoride added to the New Orleans water supply since Hurrican Katrina, two years ago.

Times Picayune (July 12, 2007): N.O. water hasn't had fluoride since Hurricane Katrina: http://www.nola.com/newsflash/louisiana/index.ssf?/base/news-33/118425417991230.xml&storylist=louisiana

The article cites a variety of public health and infrastructure issues as contributing to the problem.

Posted by pfa at 01:03 PM | Comments (0)

June 21, 2007

What are the Top Dental Journals?

According to the 2006 Journal Citation Reports, here are the top ranked journals in dentistry, oral surgery & oral medicine.

#1: Critical Reviews in Oral Biology & Medicine
#2: Journal of Dental Research
#3: Journal of Endodontics

#1: Journal of Dental Research
#2: Journal of Periodontology
#3: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology & Endodontics

#1: Periodontology 2000
#2: British Dental Journal
#3: Journal of Clinical Periodontology

#1: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
#2: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
#3: Angle Orthodontics

#1: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
#2: Journal of Periodontology
#3: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology & Endodontics

Want to find out about the rest? Here's how to check yourself.

1. Dentistry Library homepage, top section
2. Click on WebOfKnowledge
3. Click on Journal Citation Reports
4. In left column: Select JCR Science Edition + choose year
NOTE: I don't see 2007 available yet
5. In right column: View by Subject Category
7. Scroll down the category list to Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
8. Choose sort by Impact Factor.

Posted by pfa at 01:08 PM | Comments (0)

June 19, 2007

New Copyright Information & Help Site for UM

A few months ago the University Libraries Copyright Office had a series of informational meetings and focus groups relating to copyright and intellectual property. Several faculty from the School of Dentistry participated in these, so you might also be interested in seeing the fruit that has come from those initial discussions.

Copyright at the University of Michigan: http://copyright.umich.edu/


The University of Michigan Library's Intellectual Property Specialists are pleased to announce the launch of a completely overhauled U-M Copyright website. This new site will better serve the U-M community by providing basic and practical information on copyright, and by directing users to trustworthy resources both on the web and at the Library.

The revised site is full of new content, and has been redesigned to improve accessibility and help users understand the increasingly complex world of intellectual property. The goal of the site is to provide straightforward information and clarification on the issues most relevant to scholars, researchers, staff, and students. It offers guidance on questions such as: What works are protected by copyright and which ones are not? How do you request permission to use a resource? What are the current legal battles about file sharing about, and how do they affect U-M users? What are our rights and responsibilities regarding copyright?

The site provides useful links to other U-M offices that handle copyright issues, copyright information from other universities, and the United States Copyright Office's website. Links to sites that promote online intellectual freedom are also featured.

Posted by pfa at 05:37 PM | Comments (0)

June 14, 2007

In the News: Fake Colgate Toothpaste

Following on the heels of the recent FDA recall of imported Chinese toothpastes containing diethylene glycol, another alert shows diethylene glycol present in counterfeit tubes of toothpaste labeled falsely as Colgate brands.

Reuters Alert: Colgate warns of fake toothpaste in US: http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/N14427041.htm

Diethylene glycol is best known in the United States as an ingredient in antifreeze, plastics, and similar products.

Posted by pfa at 03:27 PM | Comments (0)

June 07, 2007

UM's Research Corridor and Michigan Economics

A recent report from University Research Corridor (Empowering Michigan) presented these core findings.

"The study found the universities accounted for 94 percent of federal academic research dollars brought into Michigan; all three are among the top 75 of more than 600 U.S. research universities.

Over the past five years, they have helped launch more than 79 startup companies based on university research and helped attract a far greater number of companies that want to be near universities. Expansion Management Magazine recently ranked Ann Arbor the No. 1 region in the nation for availability of knowledge workers. The East Lansing/Lansing area was also highly ranked."

The press release is available at:

Michigan's assets for economic growth stand among the nation's best; Presidents offer full resources to jump start Michigan's economy: http://www.urcmich.org/economic/

The full report is available here:

Anderson Economic Group: Preliminary Report: The Economic Benefits of the University Research Corridor (May 2007): http://www.urcmich.org/economic/URC_PreliminaryReport_May24.pdf [PDF: 524 KB]

In their list of highlighted startup companies, over 30 are focused on biological, medical and life sciences topic -- around 3/4s of the complete list. Of particular interest to the dental community might be Velcura Therapeutics (focusing on osteoporosis and bone diseases); nanoScience Engineering Corp (focusing on nanocomposites); and the many companies working to improve cancer diagnosis and treatment.

Posted by pfa at 12:10 PM | Comments (0)

May 30, 2007

Recruiting International Students

A survey was recently presented from Hobsons describing the key issues in recruiting and retaining students from outside America to academic institutions in the United States. A news summary is available from Inside Higher Ed.

Inside Higher Ed: The Prospective (Foreign) Student: http://insidehighered.com/news/2007/05/30/nafsa

The interesting article compares preferences between and across countries and disciplines, as well as which countries students prefer for international study and why.

Posted by pfa at 09:56 AM | Comments (0)

May 22, 2007

Proposed Journal Cancellations

The UM Health Sciences Libraries must cancel subscriptions to resources including journals and databases, due to inflationary increases and budget reductions. This is the first year we will include dental journals on our list of proposed cancellations, so please review carefully. Your input is an extremely valuable factor in our decision-making process, and we are committed to supporting the clinical, educational and research information needs of the campus.

Please review the proposed cancellation list at http://www.lib.umich.edu/hsl/jcanc07/ and share your comments with us using the web form on this page or email hsl.collections@umich.edu by June 12, 2007.

Posted by pfa at 10:51 AM | Comments (0)

May 16, 2007

New Nanotech EBook (WOWIO)

Thanks to Deena (SoD) for mentioning WOWIO, a source of free e-books on a variety of topics. WOWIO offers many books as PDFs, which work on a variety of devices from computers to PDAs. Many of the books included in WOWIO come from major publishers, with Oxford University Press as one major contributor. WOWIO makes copyrighted books available for download with registration, but free of charge, both through partnerships and as a publisher in their own right.

One title they are currently highlighting is from Eric Drexler, who might be familiar as the co-author (with Marvin Minsky) of Engines of Creation, in addition to Nanosystems and Unbounding the Future: The Nanotechnology Revolution. WOWIO has published a 20th anniversary edition of Engines of Creation with new material included.

K. Eric Drexler: http://e-drexler.com/

WOWIO: http://www.wowio.com/

Drexler, K. Eric. Engines of Creation 2.0: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology - Updated and Expanded. WOWIO Books; ISBN: DREX-00001. 646 pages (February 2007). http://www.wowio.com/users/product.asp?bookid=503

Posted by pfa at 08:33 AM | Comments (2)

May 15, 2007

MI-Info: Public Health Informatics

MI-Info is an NIH grant funded project to bring core information and informatics skills to the public health workforce in Michigan through skills building tutorials and highlighted resources. Major tutorial topics include:

* Evidence Based Public Health
* Finding Health Statistics Online
* Searching the Internet
* Searching the Public Health Literature
* Staying Informed
* Health Education Resources

While the primary focus is on the public health workforce, these clear and easy-to-follow tutorials cover information skills much need by all health care workers and highlight both free resources as well as those limited to residents of the state Michigan. Highly recommended.

Michigan Informatics (MI-Info): informatics for the public health workforce: http://www.sph.umich.edu/mi-info/

Posted by pfa at 02:18 PM | Comments (0)

May 02, 2007

Dental Nanotech in the News

Being highlighted in news reports, a new article from JDR on the use of nanocomposites in dental fillings to improve caries protection and durability.

Scientist Live: Nanocomposites Improve Dental Fillings:

"American researchers show that nanotechnology can help produce tooth restorations that are both stronger than any fillings available today, and more effective at preventing secondary decay."

H.H.K. Xu, M.D. Weir, L. Sun, S. Takagi and L.C. Chow. Effects of calcium phosphate nanoparticles on Ca-PO4 composite, The Journal of Dental Research 86(4):378-383m 2007.

NOTE: If you have trouble getting into the article from off-campus, please first login to a Library service such as Mirlyn.

Posted by pfa at 12:11 PM | Comments (0)

April 30, 2007

Preschool Tooth Decay On the Rise

New from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), the most recent statistical report on oral health trends in America has as its most publicized finding the increase of caries in preschool children.

Oral Health Improving for Most Americans, But Tooth Decay Among Preschool Children on the Rise: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/07newsreleases/oralhealth.htm

Trends in Oral Health Status: United States, 1988-1994 and 1999-2004. Series 11, Number 248. 104 pp. (PHS) 2007-1698. Preliminary Report. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_11/sr11_248.pdf [PDF 2.8MB]

Posted by pfa at 12:54 PM | Comments (0)

April 13, 2007

Autism Awareness Month

April is Autism Awareness Month. Last year we highlighted some major web resources on autism.

This year, let's look at some resources about dental exams and autistic patients. These articles describe both the practical aspects of providing care to children with autism spectrum disorders as well as describing what the experience feels like to the patient and why it is troubling for them.

Autism Research Institute: Dental Anesthesia for the Autistic Child (Richard John Novak, MD, Stanford): http://www.autismwebsite.com/ARI/info/dental.htm

Neurodiversity.com: Medical & Dental Procedures & Autism: http://www.neurodiversity.com/medical_dental.html

Friedlander AH, Yagiela JA, Paterno VI, Mahler ME.
The neuropathology, medical management and dental implications of autism.
J Am Dent Assoc. 2006 Nov;137(11):1517-27. Review.
PMID: 17082277

Chew LC, King NM, O'Donnell D.
Autism: the aetiology, management and implications for treatment modalities from the dental perspective.
Dent Update. 2006 Mar;33(2):70-2, 74-6, 78-80 passim. Review.
PMID: 16610261

Posted by pfa at 01:13 PM | Comments (0)

April 03, 2007

Health Indicator Statistics Early Release (Smoking)

Early Release of Selected Estimates Based on Data From the January-September 2006 National Health Interview Survey (Released 3/28/2007):

Some of the highlighted topics include Health insurance coverage; Vaccination; Obesity; Leisure-time physical activity; Current smoking; Alcohol consumption; HIV testing; Serious psychological distress; Diabetes; and Asthma.

Of particular interest to dentists is the steady decrease in smoking among adults, with almost 25% of adults smoking daily in 1997 to 21% in 2006.

Posted by pfa at 01:08 PM | Comments (0)

March 16, 2007

Remember the Fireside Chat

I know several e-mails have gone out about this, but for those of you who prefer the blog, please remember to come by the Dentistry Library today at 11!


Please plan to join us for a "fireside chat" and open house, Friday,
March 16 from 11:00am-12:00noon in the Dentistry Library. This is an
opportunity to meet informally with our new director, Jane Blumenthal,
and other library staff to talk about your projects and assignments
and library information needs and other topics of interest.

Light refreshments will be served.

Date: Friday, March 16, 2007
Time: 11:00am-12:00noon
Location: Dentistry Library

Posted by pfa at 09:46 AM | Comments (0)

March 14, 2007

New from AAFP -- Special Issue on Oral Health

A common question among oral health practitioners is what knowledge is reasonable to expect of family medicine, pediatric, and geriatric health care practitioners. For that reason, it is interesting every now and then to look at what is being published in the non-dental clinical literature, such as these articles from the American Academy of Family Physicians.

American Family Physician 75(4) February 15, 2007: http://www.aafp.org/afp/20070215/contents.html

Fighting the Silent Epidemic of Poor Oral Health, p. 475

Common Oral Lesions: Part I. Superficial Mucosal Lesions, p. 501

Common Oral Lesions: Part II. Masses and Neoplasia, p. 509

Posted by pfa at 03:54 PM | Comments (0)

Today's News: Birth Defect Discoveries

Both Harvard and University of Iowa were in the news today for discoveries related to the genomics of birth defects.

Researchers at Harvard's Joslin Diabetes Center identified a compound (Glut2) that contributes to the increased incidence of babies born with birth defects among diabetic women.

The Harvard Crimson: Researchers Find Protein To Be Harmful to Babies of Diabetics, By Michal Labik: http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=517654

At the University of Iowa, Briget Riley was the primary author of a recent study in PNAS describing seven new genetic mutations associated with clefting.

Scientific American: New genetic causes of facial clefts identified, by Will Dunham: http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa003&articleID=A99868F5BFB00A881295083099E55A2D

Posted by pfa at 03:01 PM | Comments (0)

March 08, 2007

Entry #200!: International Women's Day & Exhibit: Women & Children First

In honor of International Women's Day, the Dentistry Library would like to direct your attention to our current exhibit:

Women and Children First: The Origins of Hygiene and Preventive Care in Dentistry.

Preventive care in dentistry was inspired in large part by the needs of children and through the determination and inspiration of women. In short, dentistry would not be what it is today without women and children.

If you haven't had a chance to see it yet, please stop by the library to see our exhibit. If you can't make it to the library, you can find a selection of some of the images here.

Women and Children First: The Origins of Hygiene and Preventive Care in Dentistry: http://www.flickr.com/photos/rosefirerising/sets/72157594577380706/

International Women's Day: http://www.internationalwomensday.com/

"Celebrated on 8 March, International Women's Day (IWD) is the global day connecting all women around the world and inspiring them to achieve their full potential. IWD celebrates the collective power of women past, present and future."

My thanks to Valentina G. for bringing this event to my attention.

Posted by pfa at 12:11 PM | Comments (0)

March 06, 2007

Headline: Untreated Toothache Leads to Death

In today's headlines, articles are focusing on how financial problems in Medicaid led to a child's death.

ABC News: Toothache leads to boy's death, Tragedy underscores the need for better dental services among U.S. children (by Laura Owings): http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=2925584&page=1

"A simple toothache can be fatal. That is the sobering message a 12-year-old Maryland boy left when, after his dental problems went untreated, he succumbed to a severe brain infection."

The news is relating the death to problems in Medicaid that make it difficult for both the parent and dentist to provide care.

"In fact, experts say the low rates Medicaid offers to cover dental services are less than what it costs the doctor to do the actual treatment."

Posted by pfa at 09:07 AM | Comments (0)

March 05, 2007

Toothbrushing and Seizures

According to a new report from Australia toothbrushing seems to be linked to epileptic seizures in individuals with lesions in the hand/speech motor areas.

Yahoo News: Can tooth brushing cause seizures?: http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20070306/hl_nm/tooth_brushing_seizures_dc

Posted by pfa at 10:49 PM | Comments (0)

March 03, 2007

New From CDC: The Burden of Oral Disease

The Burden of Oral Disease: A Tool for Creating State Documents:

Highlights include: National and State Objectives on Oral Health; The Burden of Oral Diseases; Risk and Protective Factors Affecting Oral Diseases; Provision of Dental Services.

"The Burden of Oral Disease tool was created to assist states with creating a comprehensive document that describes the state's burden of oral disease. ... It focuses on the indicators contained in the National Oral Health Surveillance System and other recommended elements using Healthy People 2010 indicators. The tool includes an outline, example text, national data, and references that can be used to document the prevalence of oral disease, unmet dental needs, and disparities in oral health."

Posted by pfa at 09:34 PM | Comments (0)

February 19, 2007

Conebeam Tiptoes into the Big Time

In another recent blog entry, we highlighted a new article from UM faculty about the use of conebeam CT in dentistry.

PMID: 17082331
Pinsky HM. Dyda S. Pinsky RW. Misch KA. Sarment DP.
Accuracy of three-dimensional measurements using cone-beam CT.
Dento-Maxillo-Facial Radiology. 35(6):410-6, 2006 Nov.

From the first article in 1998, conebeam CT has been increasing in prominence in dentistry at an exponential rate, reaching critical mass over the past year or so.

PubMed Search: (conebeam OR cone-beam OR "cone beam") (dentistry OR stomatognathic

A recent press release notes that for the first time ever conebeam CT is being used in private practice in dentistry.

Illinois Dental Practice Installs First U.S. Sirona 3D X-Ray Imaging System: http://www.emediawire.com/releases/2007/2/emw503188.htm

"Evanston, Illinois dentist, Dr. Daniel Marinic, has installed a new three-dimensional (3D) X-ray imaging system, GALILEOS made by Sirona Dental Systems, the first such system of its kind in a private practice in the United States."

Posted by pfa at 09:35 AM | Comments (0)

February 12, 2007

Next Generation Dental Materials - From Beetles?

Bright White Beetle Dazzles Scientists

"An obscure species of beetle could teach us how to produce brilliant white ultra-thin materials, according to a research team led by the University of Exeter."

Posted by pfa at 08:39 AM | Comments (0)

February 07, 2007

In the News: Smiles & Mental Well-Being

Yesterday's Detroit News highlighted a British article about whether or not orthodontic work to improve a person's smile and appearance pays off in the long run in physological well-being. The 20 year study came to the conclusion that it does not.

Detroit News: Future happiness may not be tied to having straight teeth / Melissa Healy: http://detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070206/LIFESTYLE/702060319/1005

The 33 page original article is in the current issue of the British Journal of Health Psychology.

Kenealy PM, Kingdon A, Richmond S, Shaw WC.
The Cardiff dental study: A 20-year critical evaluation of the psychological health gain from orthodontic treatment.
British Journal of Health Psychology February 2007 12(1):17-49

Posted by pfa at 02:38 PM | Comments (0)

February 02, 2007

Health Sciences Libraries Survey

Please help us understand what you see as your information challenges and ways in which we can help you meet them. Please take our three question survey.


Posted by pfa at 09:16 AM | Comments (0)

January 31, 2007

Local News Gone Global: Pfizer in NATURE

From today's issue of NATURE.

A changing drug supply
Research cuts by the world's largest drug company reflect a challenging
outlook for the industry.

"Pfizer's announcement last week that it will cut its research marks a watershed for the pharmaceutical industry (see page 466). Until now Pfizer, the leading drug company in terms of both sales and research spending, and an important industry bellwether, has refrained from cutting its efforts to discover new drugs. Yet its $7 billion in annual R&D expenditures has failed to generate anything near the number of discoveries needed to cover those costs."

Posted by pfa at 02:18 PM | Comments (0)

January 29, 2007

Head's Up: Glucosamine links Atherosclerosis, Diabetes, Arthritis

Glucosamine is a popular over the counter treatment to allieve joint pain in arthritis. Glucosamine has also been receiving increasing attention in the research literature as a potential cause of diabetes. It is also linked to atherosclerosis. Glucosamine has been proposed as an ingredient in a 'vitamin cocktail' for treating Ehlers-Dahlos patients. Might it be possible that this could be another factor connecting this cluster of systemic diseases often associated with periodontitis?

Here is a recent article from UM researchers on this topic, stating that for now it is considered safe for diabetics to use glucosamine.

Stumpf JL (jlstumpf@umich.edu), Lin SW.
Effect of glucosamine on glucose control.
Ann Pharmacother. 2006 Apr;40(4):694-8. Epub 2006 Mar 28.
PMID: 16569816 [Requires UM login]

"Small, short-term studies suggest that glucosamine may be used in selected patients without affecting glucose control; however, data in patients with diabetes mellitus are limited, and close monitoring for potential changes in glucose control is recommended."

Here are just a couple examples of the literature debating this relatively new topic.

Robertson LA, Kim AJ, Werstuck GH.
Mechanisms linking diabetes mellitus to the development of atherosclerosis: a role for endoplasmic reticulum stress and glycogen synthase kinase-3.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006 Jan;84(1):39-48.
PMID: 16845889 [Requires UM Login]

"We hypothesize that the accumulation of intracellular glucosamine observed in conditions of chronic hyperglycaemia may promote atherogenesis via a mechanism involving dysregulated protein folding, activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and increased glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3 activity."

Buse MG. Hexosamines, insulin resistance, and the complications of diabetes: current status.
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Jan;290(1):E1-E8. Review.
PMID: 16339923 [Free]

"There are numerous papers showing a correlation between increased flux through HBP and insulin resistance; however, the causal relationship has not been established. More recent experiments in mice overexpressing GFAT in muscle and adipose tissue or exclusively in fat cells suggest that the latter develop in vivo insulin resistance via cross talk between fat cells and muscle. Although the relationship between HBP and insulin resistance may be quite complex, it clearly deserves further study in concert with its role in the complications of diabetes."


PubMed Search: glucosamine diabetes etiology

Posted by pfa at 10:20 AM | Comments (1)

January 21, 2007

Check Out the International Museum of Surgical Sciences

If you are headed to Chicago anytime soon, you might want to check out the International Museum of Surgical Sciences. They have some really amazing exhibits. This week saw the conclusion of Catherine Jacobi's exhibit, “Her Tongue: corporal and textual examinations.? Ongoing is a lecture series on pain.

Understanding Pain: http://www.imss.org/lectureSeries.htm

"This medical humanities lecture series will examine the human experience of pain from clinical, historical, and social perspectives. Lectures will be presented by health and medical professionals, and scholars who focus on pain management."

Other recent exhibits include Milestones in Medical Imaging: 21st Century Medicine, Nursing: Care for a Changing World, and many others.

Posted by pfa at 12:53 PM | Comments (1)

January 17, 2007

New: Gum Disease Associated with Pancreatic Cancer

In today's issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, there is an article extending the range of diseases now known to be associated with poor oral health.

Dominique S. Michaud, Kaumudi Joshipura, Edward Giovannucci, and Charles S. Fuchs
A Prospective Study of Periodontal Disease and Pancreatic Cancer in US Male Health Professionals
J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 2007 99: 171-175; doi:10.1093/jnci/djk021

Posted by pfa at 05:29 PM | Comments (0)

January 15, 2007

Diversity in Dentistry, MLK Day Updates

In honor of Martin Luther King Day, you might want to be aware of these innovations in dental education and leadership in the area of diversity and multicultural awareness.


ADEA strategies to enhance diversity 2005-2006: www.adea.org/ced/Docs/Strategies_ADEA.pdf



ADDM is currently pilot testing an ethnogeriatrics curriculum in five medical schools and one dental school. AMSA is providing technical assistance and limited funding to the schools and is working with each school on program development and evaluation. Note that UMMS is one of the schools! The schools are Midwestern University; East Carolina University; University of Iowa College of Dentistry; Stanford University School of Medicine; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; University of Michigan Medical School.

Overview: http://www.amsa.org/addm/
PDF: http://www.amsa.org/addm/ECRFP.pdf#zoom=120


ADDM is currently pilot testing a cultural competency curriculum in eight medical and three dental schools. AMSA is providing technical assistance and limited funding to the schools and is working with each school on program development and evaluation. The schools are UMDNJ; Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences; Des Moines University Osteopathic Medical Center; Brown Medical School; Eastern Virginia Medical School; Midwestern University; University of Illinois at Chicago; University of Nebraska College of Dentistry; University of Nevada, Las Vegas School of Dental Medicine; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine; University of Texas Dental Branch at Houston.

Overview: http://www.amsa.org/addm/
PDF: http://www.amsa.org/addm/CCRFP.pdf#zoom=120
ADDM Recommended Culture and Diversity Resources: http://www.amsa.org/programs/diversityres.cfm

Posted by pfa at 02:37 PM | Comments (0)

January 13, 2007

Dentistry in the News, Recent Highlights

Just a few selections showing how dentistry is being portrayed in recent news articles.


Pacifier Use Assists In Reducing Incidence Of SIDS, Study Finds (January 11, 2007): http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/01/070111104340.htm

Soxman, Jane A. Non-nutritive sucking with a pacifier: Pros and cons.
General Dentistry, January/February 2007, pages 59-62


Dentists Sink Their Teeth Into Fighting Alcoholism - Patients Approve
Wednesday January 10, 4:10 pm ET (Yahoo News): http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/070110/clw153.html?.v=2

Alcohol screening in dental patients: The prevalence of hazardous drinking and patients’ attitudes about screening and advice
Peter M. Miller, Michele C. Ravenel, Abigail E. Shealy, and Suzanne Thomas. J Am Dent Assoc 2006; 137: 1692-1698.


Take Precaution - Stop Fluoridation: http://www.openpr.com/news/14406/Take-Precaution-Stop-Fluoridation.html

"The precautionary principle calls for preventive actions in the face of uncertain information about risks."

What Does the Precautionary Principle Mean for Evidence-Based Dentistry?
Joel Tickner, ScDa, Melissa Coffin, BAb
Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 6-15 (March 2006)

Posted by pfa at 03:16 PM | Comments (0)

January 09, 2007

Upcoming Open Classes: Mirlyn, Pubmed, Electronic Journals and More

The Dentistry Library is pleased to host guest instructors Pat Martin and Anna Schnitzer for some upcoming classes teaching basic library skills. The classes are open to all on campus and appropriate for anyone who wants a refresher or update on these tools -- faculty, staff, persons assisting faculty or students.

While there is no registration required, you may wish to register in order to receive a brief reminder shortly before the class session. To register, go to the Taubman Medical Library home page and use the link for "Winter 2007".

Taubman Medical Library: http://www.lib.umich.edu/taubman

Or click here.

Thursday, January 18, 12-1pm CAIDENT
Instructor: Anna Schnitzer

Are you wondering whether to use MEDLINE via PubMed or UM-MEDSEARCH for your research? Join us for this quick session to explore the features of each system, including content comparison, a review of search features, and access to ejournals.


The Library Catalog (Mirlyn) and Electronic Journals
Tuesday, January 30, 12-1pm CAIDENT
Instructor: Pat Martin

This one hour class will provide an introduction to searching Mirlyn, the library catalog, to locate books and journals owned by the University Libraries. Attendees will be taught some of the new catalog features which can help ease the search for resources. Attention will be given to finding and navigating the variety of online full text electronic journals.

Posted by pfa at 10:49 AM | Comments (0)

Help Grad Students: Rank Faculty Crotchetiness?

This article attracted my attention this morning, and I thought it might be of interest to some of you as well.

If you can't, what do would-be graduate students really need to
know about their potential professors and departments?

The article described a presentation by Timothy Burke to the American History Association, and the subsequent vigorous discussion by both faculty and grad students in the audience. Here are just a couple highlights from the article.

"Burke wasn’t entirely serious about personality rankings, but his point — and one greeted with nods by the graduate students in the audience — was that individual characteristics of professors may be far more important to a graduate student’s success than a department’s stellar reputation or a university’s lavish resources."

Information that was recommended to be gathered and provided to new students includes this:
* Faculty advisor completion and dropout rates, time to degree, and specific jobs earned by new Ph.D.s they advised.
* Relevant tenure clocks, retirements or possible moves on the part of advising faculty.
* Graduate student funding — how much money, sources of funds, how long money lasts (for duration of degree or shorter).
* Average time for Ph.D. completion in a department.
* The exact process — both official and unofficial — of how graduate students are evaluated.
* The true scholarly strengths of a department.

"But in a sign that the crotchetiness factor is very much alive in graduate programs, several graduate students approached about being quoted in this article offered variations of: “I work with Professor X. Are you crazy??"

Posted by pfa at 08:42 AM | Comments (0)

January 08, 2007

Upcoming Classes: Omics Databases

The Health Sciences Libraries and the Shapiro Science Library are offering a series of four workshops entitled Introduction to NCBI Resources. Sessions will cover Entrez, Blast, Genes, Genomes, and Proteins databases and will be held over the noon-hour in 2802 Med Sci II.

Introduction to NCBI Resources: Overview and Entrez -- March 8, 2006
Introduction to NCBI Resources: BLAST -- March 15, 2006
Introduction to NCBI Resources: Genes and Genomes -- March 22, 2006
Introduction to NCBI Resources: Proteins -- March 29, 2006

For complete descriptions and registration, please see Winter workshops on the Taubman Library website at http://www.lib.umich.edu/taubman/

Posted by pfa at 12:29 PM | Comments (0)

December 22, 2006

Health Care and Web 2.0

You've probably heard the new tech buzzword Web 2.0. What is it really? Here is an article from Wikipedia that describes it:

Wikipedia: Web 2.0: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_2

Wikipedia is itself an example of the basic Web 2.0 concepts -- dynamic, flexible information resources shaped and constructed by the communities that desire, need and use them.

The profession of dentistry is particularly well-positioned to benefit from Web 2.0. Many years ago, when I was applying for my job here, it was obvious that the profession was on the cusp of major change both in its practice, educational methods, and information infrastructure. Much of this was (and is) driven by economic factors. Eight years later, much has changed in publishing methods, many major journals have switched to more economic publishing models (such as online only), but this will only be the beginning.

Web 2.0 is known for empowering the little and enabling the "long tail". In other words, even if there isn't much of a market for whatever you're selling, with effective use of Web 2.0 tools, you have a darn good chance of maximising whatever market there is. Dentistry is a small profession in comparison to the large academic medical centers and large research hospitals. A dentist once told me that the profession is full of cowboys and lone rangers -- independent free thinkers. Well, on the Internet frontier, those are exactly the type of folks who make the most out of Web 2.0, but they do it by collaborating with each other.

Dean Giustini is well known as a blogger on medical libraries and search engines. Tomorrow's issue of BMJ includes an editorial by Dean about trends in medical information as impacted by the Web 2.0 interactive applications. An interesting essay and worth a quick read.

D. Giustini. "How Web 2.0 is changing medicine -- Is a medical wikipedia the next step?" BMJ 2006;333:1283-1284 (23 December):

Posted by pfa at 01:52 PM | Comments (0)

December 19, 2006

Update: Access to the Cochrane Library of EBM Databases in 2007

The Health Sciences Libraries (Taubman Medical, Dentistry, Public Health) have provided two methods of access to the Cochrane Library for a number of years. Due to budgetary constraints, the Wiley Interscience version will no longer be available after December 31, 2006.

The Cochrane Library will continue to be available via the EBM Reviews databases in UM-Medsearch (http://www.lib.umich.edu/medsearch).

The staff of the Health Sciences Libraries can provide personalized consultation on searching Cochrane as well as offer assistance at the Information Desk, by phone or via email:

* Dentistry Library: (734) 764-1526 or dentistry.library@umich.edu.
* Public Health Library and Informatics: (734) 763-5109 or sph.reference@umich.edu.
* Taubman Medical Library: (734) 763-3071 or medical.library@umich.edu.

We appreciate your understanding as we continually review and make difficult decisions about our electronic resources.

Posted by pfa at 09:25 PM | Comments (0)

December 18, 2006

NIH Electronic Grant Submission Workshop Series

The Health Sciences Libraries are offering a symposium series to assist grant applicants with the electronic submission of NIH grants. The workshops will be at the Biomedical Science Research Building (BSRB) Auditorium, 109 Zina Pitcher Place on the Medical School Campus.

NIH Electronic Submission and Deep Blue
- January 11, 2007 from 9 – 11 am
- Merle Rosenzweig Health Sciences Libraries and Department of Human Genetics
- Jim Ottaviani, Coordinator, Deep Blue

Deep Blue and Intellectual Property (Copyright)
- January 18, 2007 from 9 – 11 am
- Paul Newman, University Library Intellectual Property Office

NIH Electronic Submission Process
- January 25, 2007 from 9 – 11 am
- Bob Beattie, Managing Senior Project Representative, Division of Research Development & Administration (DRDA)

More information, registration, directions, and updates will be posted at the following link.

NIH Electronic Grant Submission and How Deep Blue Can Help You: http://www.lib.umich.edu/taubman/grants0612/GrantWorkshopSeries.html

Posted by pfa at 11:16 AM | Comments (0)

December 09, 2006

NIDCR/CDC Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Data Resource Center

For those of you not aware of this resource, it is worth checking out. The NIDCR/CDC DOCDRC contains a large amount of collated data on topics of interest, including:

- Dental Caries
- Dental Visits
- Oral and Pharyngeal Cancers
- Self-Assessed Oral Health Status
- Periodontal Assessment/Disease
- Usual Source of Dental Care
- Sealants
- Orofacial Pain
- Smokeless Tobacco Lesions
- Tobacco Use
- Tooth Loss
- Dental Insurance

They also include test instruments, a search engine to locate specific queries or data sets, and links to recommended resources. One example of these useful links is this new report from MMWR.

Surveillance for Dental Caries, Dental Sealants, Tooth Retention, Edentulism, and Enamel Fluorosis -- United States 1988-1994 and 1999-2002. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5403a1.htm

You may have previously encountered this useful resources as:

National Oral Health Information Clearinghouse: The Oral health database at the no longer functional URL of

This was a subsection of the Combined Health Information Database, which was discontinued September 2006.

We recently received notice that there is a new location for this, so please update your bookmarks!

The NIDCR/CDC Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Data Resource Center (DRC) is moving to a new server!

During the transition to the new server, people attempting to access the DRC Web site may receive an error message, instead of being redirected to the new Web address.

Please update your bookmarks for the DRC's new URL -- http://drc.hhs.gov/ .

For more information please contact:
Pamela Martinez, MLS
Senior Research Librarian
NIDCR/CDC Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Data Resource Center
2101 Gaither Rd., Suite 600
Rockville, MD 20850

Posted by pfa at 08:23 AM | Comments (0)

December 06, 2006

Neanderthal's Molars, Future Genius, Scientific Fraud, & Diagnosis in Diversity: Article Highlights from Science Journals

Interesting articles selected from new issues of Nature and Science. NOTE: You must be a UM patron to have access to these. If you are a UM patron and have trouble accessing the articles linked below, try using on on-campus computer, or accessing the articles from the Electronic Journals page.

Scientific American: Oral and Whole Body Health:

"It's a first step on the journey as we work together to uncover the most important and factual information there is regarding the important role good oral health can play in achieving whole body wellness."

How Neanderthal molar teeth grew
Roberto Macchiarelli et al.
Abstract: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v444/n7120/abs/nature05314.html

"Here we show that the timing of molar crown and root completion in Neanderthals matches those known for modern humans but that a more complex enamel–dentine junction morphology and a late peak in root extension rate sets them apart."

Futures: Awakening the genius within, Revolution in the head.
Daniel Gregory

"Teetering on the knife-edge, the humans struggled against the Inspiron and the talent that it could give them."

The right tools can save lives
Effective diagnosis, paired with treatment, for developing-world
diseases can have far-reaching impacts, says the Global Health
Diagnostics Forum.

"The Forum has defined the need and impact of diagnostics for six devastating disease groups. Now we challenge scientists, technology developers, funding agencies, policy-makers, international governmental and aid organizations, investors and diagnostic companies to work together to take this forward. A coordinated approach is needed so that appropriate diagnostics can achieve the promised impact."

Donald Kennedy
Responding to Fraud
Science 1 December 2006

"The committee was asked to make a thorough and unsparing analysis of Science's handling of both papers and to make recommendations for changes in procedure that might protect both the journal and the scientific community from further unfortunate outcomes of this kind.

The report, and a short response from Science, are available at www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/314/5804/1353/DC1."

Posted by pfa at 03:22 PM | Comments (0)

November 28, 2006

Dentists Seeking Information via Google

Here is a very interesting study about dentists and how they use Google (and other information resources), right on the heels of the recent BMJ study of doctors using Google for diagnosing difficult cases.

Landry, Carol Fay. Work roles, tasks, and the information behavior of dentists. JASIST December 2006 57(14):1896-1908.
Link for UM patrons

"Developing an information framework is one technique dentists have applied to their seeking strategies. ... Google was favored by study participants as the means to develop this type of framework."

"Textbooks were the preferred source for the patient management/service provider task, professional associations were favored for CDE/student and patient education/educator tasks, vendors and sales representatives were first for the practice management/administrator task, and colleagues and journals were chosen for the research task."

"Although dentists continue to rely on traditional sources for their authority and accessibility, the Internet has emerged as an important adjunct in the information process because of its convenience and accessibility and the belief in the currency of found information. ... However, despite its ability to provide information quickly and conveniently, the Internet is not considered by dentists to be without flaws. Irrelevant, promotional, and questionable information flourish online. Recognizing these limitations allows one to consider the Internet a tool to augment rather than replace traditional information sources. Cross-referencing and framework building illustrate these findings. Still, the Internet is not embraced by all. An underlying current suggests that maintaining a personal connection with people remains important to a segment of this population and should not be ignored."

Posted by pfa at 08:02 PM | Comments (0)

Today's Students & Critical Thinking Skills

As a follow-up to Sharon Grayden's excellent presentation last week in the School's Bootcamp series ("Preparing for a New Generation of Learners"), here are some new reports and data from the Educational Testing Services (ETS) about the strengths and weaknesses of contemporary students.

ETS: College Students Fall Short in Demonstrating the ICT Literacy Skills Necessary for Success in College and the Workplace
PDF [60KB]: http://www.ets.org/Media/Products/ICT_Literacy/pdf/2006_Preliminary_Findings.pdf

"Despite the assumption that today's college students are tech savvy and ICT literate, preliminary research released by ETS today shows that many students lack the critical thinking skills to perform the kinds of information management and research tasks necessary for academic success."

Also of potential interest, the ETS Education Issues 2007 publication.

ETS: Education Issues 2007
PDF [1.3 MB]: http://www.ets.org/Media/Education_Topics/pdf/candbrief2007.pdf

Posted by pfa at 09:43 AM | Comments (0)

November 17, 2006

Health Statistics and Trends: New EBook Available

There is a new electronic book available that provides very useful information on the health statistics and trends in America. It is a chartbook, so includes presentation-ready graphics to illustrate the concepts included. The content is available both in an interactive and searchable online version as well as a formatted PDF version for downloading. Just as a small sampling of the topics included are trends in dental visits, untreated dental caries, mothers who smoked during pregnancy, and much much more.

Health, United States, 2005 (With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans) [U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Michael O. Leavitt, Secretary; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Julie Louise Gerberding, M.D., M.P.H., Director; National Center for Health Statistics, Edward J. Sondik, Ph.D., Director]:
PDF Version: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bookres.fcgi/healthus05/healthus05.pdf

Posted by pfa at 11:20 AM | Comments (0)

November 13, 2006

Teeth as the "Black Box" of the Body

When an airplane crashes, the hunt is on for the black box, to descrive the events surrounding whatever went wrong. In today's news are highlights of how teeth can provide detailed information about diet even thousands of years later, through the use of laser ablation. This leads to the analogy of the teeth as the "black box" of the body, a primary resource for information about how or why individuals and species failed or survived.

"Nearly 100 percent inorganic, they resist fossilization and retain carbon deposits that can be traced back to specific edibles. Teeth are veritable black boxes of information."

Philadelphia Enquirer 11/13/06: Ancestral cousin gets an enlightening dental: Two-million-year-old P. robustus of southern Africa wasn't just a vegetarian, teeth show. http://www.philly.com/mld/inquirer/news/magazine/daily/15998062.htm

Posted by pfa at 09:49 AM | Comments (0)

November 10, 2006

Googling for a Diagnosis?

This new article from BMJ has some possibly surprising findings. Previous understanding of web search engines were that simply entering a list of symptoms was as likely to come back with the wrong diagnosis as anything else. Evidently the knowledgebase and results rankings have improved to the point where this is not necessarily the case for a searcher with a strong medical background.


Hangwi Tang & Jennifer Hwee Kwoon Ng
Googling for a diagnosis--use of Google as a diagnostic aid: internet based study.
BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.39003.640567.AE (published 10 November 2006)

Objective: To determine how often searching with Google (the most popular search engine on the world wide web) leads doctors to the correct diagnosis.

Results: Google searches revealed the correct diagnosis in 15 (58%, 95% confidence interval 38% to 77%) cases.

Posted by pfa at 10:58 AM | Comments (0)

November 08, 2006

Michigan in Higher Ed News

I thought you might be interested in this, not so much for the article
itself as for the commentary that follows and looks as if it might be
gearing up to some interesting discussion.

Three years after Supreme Court upheld consideration of race by
flagship university, voters decide otherwise.

Posted by pfa at 08:37 AM | Comments (0)

October 25, 2006

Bisphosphonates and Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

In support of yesterday's excellent and well attended presentation by Dr. Joseph Helman, we would like to offer the following selected resources on bisphosphonates and osteonecrosis of the jaw. Sections below include information for patients, for practitioners, and articles from the professional literature.

Please note that while links to articles and abstracts are provided as possible, to get access to the full article you may need to navigate to the article from a UM Library service. One way to do this would be to enter PubMed from a UM web page, log in if off campus, and then enter the PMID number. Go to the bottom of the resulting page, and click on the block-M.

For those who would like more information, custom searches in PubMed are provided.


ADA: Oral Health Topics: Osteonecrosis of the Jaw: http://www.ada.org/public/topics/osteonecrosis.asp

AGD: Treatment drug may cause jaw bone to die: http://www.agd.org/media/2006/june/treatment.asp

NIAMS: Oral Health and Bone Disease: http://www.niams.nih.gov/bone/hi/oralhealth_bone.htm


ADA: A-Z Topics: Osteonecrosis of the Jaw: http://www.ada.org/prof/resources/topics/osteonecrosis.asp

ADA Council on Scientific Affairs. Expert Panel Recommendations: Dental Management of Patients on Oral Bisphosphonate Therapy. June 2006. [PDF, 159K]

Migliorati CA, Casiglia J, Epstein J, Jacobsen PL, Siegel MA, Woo SB. Managing the care of patients with bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis: an American Academy of Oral Medicine position paper. Abstract.
J Am Dent Assoc. 2005 Dec;136(12):1658-68. Review. Erratum in: J Am Dent Assoc. 2006 Jan;137(1):26.
PMID: 16383047

NIDCR: Oral Care Provider's Reference Guide for Oncology Patients: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/HealthInformation/DiseasesAndConditions/CancerTreatmentAndOralHealth/Oral%20Care%20Providers%20Reference%20Guide%20for%20Oncology%20Patients.htm


Badros A, Weikel D, Salama A, Goloubeva O, Schneider A, Rapoport A, Fenton R, Gahres N, Sausville E, Ord R, Meiller T.
Osteonecrosis of the jaw in multiple myeloma patients: clinical features and risk factors. Abstract.
J Clin Oncol. 2006 Feb 20;24(6):945-52.
PMID: 16484704

Lacy MQ, Dispenzieri A, Gertz MA, Greipp PR, Gollbach KL, Hayman SR, Kumar S, Lust JA, Rajkumar SV, Russell SJ, Witzig TE, Zeldenrust SR, Dingli D, Bergsagel PL, Fonseca R, Reeder CB, Stewart AK, Roy V, Dalton RJ, Carr AB, Kademani D, Keller EE, Viozzi CF, Kyle RA.
Mayo clinic consensus statement for the use of bisphosphonates in multiple myeloma.
Mayo Clin Proc. 2006 Aug;81(8):1047-53. Review.
PMID: 16901028

Marx RE, Sawatari Y, Fortin M, Broumand V.
Bisphosphonate-induced exposed bone (osteonecrosis/osteopetrosis) of the jaws: risk factors, recognition, prevention, and treatment. Abstract.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005 Nov;63(11):1567-75.
PMID: 16243172

Nase JB, Suzuki JB.
Osteonecrosis of the jaw and oral bisphosphonate treatment. Abstract.
J Am Dent Assoc. 2006 Aug;137(8):1115-9; quiz 1169-70.
PMID: 16873327

Ruggiero SL, Mehrotra B, Rosenberg TJ, Engroff SL.
Osteonecrosis of the jaws associated with the use of bisphosphonates: a review of 63 cases.Abstract.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004 May;62(5):527-34.
PMID: 15122554

Scully C, Madrid C, Bagan J.
Dental endosseous implants in patients on bisphosphonate therapy. Abstract.
Implant Dent. 2006 Sep;15(3):212-8.
PMID: 16966893


Pubmed Search: Bisphosphonates and Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

Pubmed Search (Free Full Text Only): Bisphosphonates and Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

Posted by pfa at 01:12 PM | Comments (0)

September 28, 2006

Guidelines for Parents of Sedated Children

Earlier this week, local news in Chicago reported the story of a child who went for a visit to the dentist, and the sedation went wrong, badly wrong. The little girl first slipped into a coma, and died this morning. As a result of this, the news service posted an article and video describing for parents what they should do and know if their own child is being sedated.

"Dental Guide For Parents When Child Is Sedated: Questions Parents Should Ask Before Dental Procedures" Mary Ann Childers, Sep 25, 2006 5:21 pm US/Central. http://cbs2chicago.com/local/local_story_268182445.html

"No parent wants what happened to 5-year-old Diamond Brownridge to happen to their son or daughter. The young girl remains in a coma after being sedated during a dental procedure."

Posted by pfa at 02:32 PM | Comments (0)

September 26, 2006

Chicken or the Egg?: Comorbid Periodontal and Heart Disease

Another new article on the relationship between cardiovascular health and periodontal disease.

K. Geismar, ­K. Stoltze, ­B. Sigurd, ­F. Gyntelberg, P. Holmstrup. Periodontal Disease and Coronary Heart Disease. Journal of Periodontology 2006, 77(9):1547-1554: http://www.joponline.org/doi/abs/10.1902/jop.2006.050405

This article applies a richer variety of measures of periodontal health / disease, some of which are novel to this area of inquiry.

"Full-mouth probing depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), bleeding on probing (BOP), and alveolar bone level (ABL) on radiographs were registered. ABL was stratified into ABL1 = ABL ≤2 mm; ABL2 = ABL >2 to ≤4 mm; and ABL3 = ABL >4 mm."

The article also finds that the association between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease is also associated with diabetes and smoking.

Posted by pfa at 07:27 PM | Comments (0)

September 24, 2006

"Priceline"-style Dentistry in Germany

A new trend in Germany is web sites for patients seeking dental care. These sites allow patients to anonymously post what sort of dental services they seek (along with treatment plans provided by their current dentist), and then dentists bid what they would charge to provide that service. This is a dramatically different approach to providing healthcare. Here in the US, this approach has been seen extensively in other topics, such as travel (Priceline.com) and insurance (Progressive.com).

Online Dentistry: Health Care Takes to the Net / Deutsche Welle (September 1, 2006): http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2152304,00.html

"In the search for more affordable dental care, some Germans are letting dentists bid at online auction sites for the chance to work in their mouths. Dentists' groups are worried about the commodification of health care."

"Schikora's Web site ... require people looking for dental work, or in some cases physical therapy and cosmetic surgery, to register anonymously and post their current doctor's treatment plans, how much the treatment is estimated to cost and how far they would be willing to travel."

Posted by pfa at 01:04 PM | Comments (0)

July 20, 2006

New IOM Report on Medication Errors

Hot off the presses, the Institute of Medicine today released a report on "Preventing Medication Errors".

Preventing Medication Errors (Quality Chasm Series): http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11623.html

Key findings of the report are that a quarter of all medication errors are preventable, and that the best prevention is good clinician-patient communication and good intra-institutional communication (between the clinician, pharmacist and other members of the support team).

In an rare but welcome move, the FDA immediately released a statement of support for the report.

FDA Statement on Institute of Medicine's Report on Preventing Medication Errors: http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/2006/NEW01414.html

The FDA statement outlines a series of resources and actions related to improvements in this area. As a significant part of this, they recommend access to reliable and understandable medication information for the health care consumer, recommending the following resource from the National Library of Medicine.

DailyMed: http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/about.cfm

"This Web site provides health information providers and the public with a standard, comprehensive, up-to-date, look-up and download resource of medication content and labeling as found in medication package inserts."

Posted by pfa at 05:33 PM | Comments (0)

Genetic and Genomic Information from NLM and the Genetics Home Reference (GHR) (Omics Series, 9)

The United States government, in general, and the National Library of Medicine, in particular, have taken leading roles in providing information, tools, resources, and training for biomedical and life sciences researchers and clinicians, including omics researchers. Very few people make use of the full range of resources they provide. Today, we will survey a few of the broad omics resources available, and then spend a little more time on a specific resource that tends to have information for both dental researchers and clinicians.

This is probably a good time to again mention the forthcoming short course on campus about NCBI resources.

National Center for Biotechnology Information: Short Course, September 7,2006 (Hosted by the Program in Bioinformatics, Department of Human Genetics & Taubman Medical Library): http://www.hg.med.umich.edu/ncbi/

In this course, you will see overviews and demonstrations of how to use many of the databases listed below. NLM and NCBI provide an astonishing number of databases. From their main databases page, you can browse a list of many of their offerings in this area.

NLM: NCBI: Entrez: All Databases: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gquery/gquery.fcgi?itool=toolbar

Here are a few of the specific databases, just to give you an idea of what you might find.

3D Domains: domains from Entrez Structure: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Domains

BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool finds regions of local similarity between sequences): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/BLAST/

Cancer Chromosomes: cytogenetic databases: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=CancerChromosomes

CDD: conserved protein domain database: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=cdd

Gene: gene-centered information: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=gene

Genome Project: genome project information: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=genomeprj

Genome: whole genome sequences: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Genome

GENSAT: gene expression atlas of mouse central nervous system: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=gensat

GEO DataSets: experimental sets of GEO data: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=gds

GEO Profiles: expression and molecular abundance profiles: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=geo

HomoloGene: eukaryotic homology groups: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=homologene

Nucleotide: sequence database (GenBank): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Nucleotide

OMIA: online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=omia

OMIM: online Mendelian Inheritance in Man: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=OMIM

PopSet: population study data sets: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PopSet

Probe: sequence-specific reagents: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=probe

Protein: sequence database: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Protein

PubChem BioAssay: bioactivity screens of chemical substances: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pcassay

PubChem Compound: unique small molecule chemical structures: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pccompound

PubChem Substance: deposited chemical substance records: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pcsubstance

SNP: single nucleotide polymorphism: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=snp

Structure: three-dimensional macromolecular structures: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Structure

Taxonomy: organisms in GenBank: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Taxonomy

UniGene: gene-oriented clusters of transcript sequences: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=unigene

UniSTS: markers and mapping data: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=unists

Another source they provide is the Human Genome. This resource contains an entirely different list of great tools and resources. I encourage you to explore the Human Genome more on your own.

Human Genome (an integrated, one-stop, genomic information infrastructure for biomedical researchers): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/guide/

Last, for today, but not least, is the Genetics Home Reference (GHR). The GHR serves as a bridge between the technical information for researchers and the consumer or general public. It includes information on the correspondence between specific genes and diseases, diagnostic signs/symptoms, an much more. Although the information is for consumers, it can still be fairly technical. It includes a handbook and glossary, which helps, and provides information at a level that can also be useful for the clinician. In addition, they include a list of resources about genetic conditions specifically for clinicians.

NLM: Genetics Home Reference: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/

GHR: Genetics Resources for Clinicians and Health Professionals: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/ghr/resource/clinicians

Among their newest topics on conditions, you'll find Dentinogenesis Imperfecta and Amelogenesis Imperfecta. Among their new pages on specific genes, you'll find amelogenin (amelogenesis imperfecta 1, X-linked), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), enamelin, and matrix metallopeptidase 20 (MMP20 or enamelysin). They have also recently added information on a number of specific genes that are associated with the Charcot Marie Tooth Disease. Here is a sampling of pages on dental-related conditions and genes.


Condition: Achondrogenesis: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=achondrogenesis

Condition: Amelogenesis Imperfecta: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=amelogenesisimperfecta

Condition: Dentinogensis imperfecta: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=dentinogenesisimperfecta

Condition: Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=fibrodysplasiaossificansprogressiva

Condition: Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=greigcephalopolysyndactylysyndrome

Condition: Platyspondylic lethal skeletal dysplasia, Torrance type: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=platyspondyliclethalskeletaldysplasiatorrancetype

Condition: Sotos syndrome: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=sotossyndrome


Gene: DNM2: dynamin 2: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/gene=dnm2

Gene: MMP20: matrix metallopeptidase 20 (enamelysin): http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/gene=mmp20

Gene: SH3TC2: SH3 domain and tetratricopeptide repeats 2: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/gene=sh3tc2

Gene: YARS: tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/gene=yars

Posted by pfa at 02:16 PM | Comments (0)

July 03, 2006

What's Hot from the IADR (Our 100th Blog Entry)

As things wind down from the IADR meeting in Brisbane, what are the hot topics that were presented at IADR and receiving attention in the popular press? Cranberries and dentin. That's two ideas, not one.

* Cranberries

Cranberries are receiving renewed attention as a way to prevent caries. The mechanism is similar to the way cranberry juice is known to prevent and cure urinary tract infections -- preventing the bacteria from adhering to the cell surfaces. For dentistry, the idea is that cranberry juice helps to prevent S. mutans from adhering to the teeth, and thus prevents the build up of plaque.

IADR: Berry Good News for Tooth Decay Prevention, by Neil Osterweil:

Koo, Hyun et al. "Cranberry flavonoids on expression of virulence by S. mutans." IADR Abstract 179, presented June 28, 2006 (Brisbane).

* Dentin

Dentin is making news with the popular concept that people can grow new bone. In this case, not only new bone in general, but specifically new dentin. "The data demonstrated that AC-100 stimulated the formation of new dentin (the hard tissue of teeth that protects the tooth pulp and supports the outer enamel) when applied to tooth defects."

Acologix' AC-100 (Dentonin(R)) Phase II Data on Dentin Formation in Humans Presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Association for Dental Research: http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/060629/sfth064.html?.v=56

Lazarov, Mirella et al. "AC-100, Novel Biological Approach to Promoting Dentin Formations in Humans." IADR Abstract 545, presented June 29, 2006 (Brisbane).

Lazarov, Mirella et al. "AC-100, A Novel Biological Agent for Dentin and Bone Regeneration." IADR Abstract 268, presented June 28, 2006 (Brisbane).

Posted by pfa at 02:59 PM | Comments (0)

June 13, 2006

A Dentist's POV in the Iraqi War

There is an Iraqi dentist who goes by "Zeyad" blogging for the New York Times about his personal experiences of the Iraqi war.

New York Times: Select: Day to Day in Iraq: http://daytodayiniraq.blogs.nytimes.com/

"Zeyad is a 27-year-old dentist in Baghdad and the author of the blog, Healing Iraq. He was born in Baghdad and spent most of the first eight years of his life in England. He returned to Iraq with his family in 1986 and has been based there ever since. He has been posting on his blog since October 2003."

Here is the link to his personal blog.

Healing Iraq (Daily news and comments on the situation in post Saddam Iraq by an Iraqi dentist): http://healingiraq.blogspot.com/


As my cousin led me across the street back home, I burst uncontrollably into tears. “How could you go out in your shorts?? he was saying, almost to himself. “Are you out of your mind? Haven’t you heard that they banned shorts?? ...

“Them?? I yelled back. “How long are we going to cower in fear and wait for them to get to us too? How long until we’re next in the line??

“Yes, living here is like waiting in a damn line to get killed,? he said. “Either you learn to live with it, or you leave. Period.?

The gravity of what I did struck me the next day. I had gone out in shorts – explicitly banned by Islamists, insurgents, the “resistance,? or whoever, in our area – in front of all to check on a Shiite friend whom they deemed as an enemy and worthy of execution, for whatever reasons.


Posted by pfa at 02:40 PM | Comments (0)

June 10, 2006

Dental Research in the News

Remember JAMA's amalgam articles from April? Consumer Reports has just released their update on the safety of mercury for children.

Consumer Reports, June 2006: Tooth-filling safety for kids; Some reassurance about dental amalgams, but more is needed: http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/babies-kids/news/tooth-filling-safety-for-kids-6-06/overview/0606_tooth-filling-safety-for-kids.htm

Meanwhile, another dental research study on how dentists incorporate new guidelines in practice has been getting less positive attention.

Bonetti D.
Guideline improved dentists' knowledge but not their clinical decision-making skills: Is a clinical practice guideline on the management of asymptomatic impacted lower third molars effective in changing practice?
Evid Based Dent. 2006;7(1):8.

While not cutting-edge, Horace Wells and William Morton, both praised for their contributions to the discovery of dental anesthesia, are highlighted in a UK article about scientific researchers who experimented on themselves.

TimesOnline (June 10, 2006): Doctors who had a taste of their own medicine (Many of the most important medical advances have resulted from scientists who experimented on themselves. Whether foolhardy or selfless, Wendy Moore salutes these maverick medics): http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,8123-2217159,00.html

Posted by pfa at 10:31 AM | Comments (0)

June 09, 2006

ISI Web Of Knowledge Update

The Web of Knowledge / Web of Science resource from ISI has again dramatically expanded their historical searching capability. A few years ago, they shifted their earliest date to 1945, and we were impressed with that. Now they have shifted it back to 1900, an absolutely astonishing feat. In the database you would select for searching:

Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)--1900-present

This will dramatically improve access to formative research, and is a very exciting resource for those tracking the intellectual heritage of their research concepts. Obviously, this is an absolute must for scientific historians of any sort.

Posted by pfa at 09:38 AM | Comments (0)

May 17, 2006

More about Deep Blue

Remember a couple months ago when this blog posted some of the dental faculty publications included in Deep Blue? Well, now you can join those august ranks of faculty whose work will always be remembered. Why will it be remembered? Because more and more faculty are exploring options to archive publications, data, and research images for posterity with the University Library's service Deep Blue. Read on, for a recent press release on this topic.

Deep Blue -- Your work: cited more, safe forever.

The University of Michigan has more than 150 years of experience and expertise in presenting and preserving the world's best research and creativity. With Deep Blue, the UM Institutional Repository, we now have a place specifically for our faculty work. Faculty create it, deposit it online, and decide who should have access. We take care of the rest, for free.

Use it to connect with other scholars: In a cross-disciplinary study, when compared to articles that require paid access, those in systems like Deep Blue "...have consistently more citations, the advantage varying from 25%-250%."[1]

Ask your librarian or send a message to deepblue@umich.edu to get started. For more information about Deep Blue, see http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/about/

1. Based on a study of 1,307,038 articles published from 1992-2003 in biology, psychology, sociology, health, political science, economics, education, law, business, and management. (Hajjem, Harnad, and Gingras, "Ten-Year Cross-Disciplinary Comparison of the Growth of Open Access and How It Increases Research Citation Impact." IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin, Vol. 28 No. 4, December 2005, 8pp.)

Posted by pfa at 04:06 PM | Comments (0)

April 26, 2006

Final Congressional Report on Response to Hurricane Katrina

I know many people in our School were involved at various levels with the response to Hurricane Katrina. In addition, the School has many persons involved with planning for disaster and emergency response. In light of these, you may be interested in the final Congressional report on Hurricane Katrina.

Congressional Reports: H. Rpt. 109-377 – A Failure of Initiative: Final Report of the Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/creports/katrina.html

Posted by pfa at 10:16 AM | Comments (0)

April 18, 2006

Subscribe to the Dentistry Library Blog

Taking off for the summer? Want to keep up with news and tools in dentistry, with minimal effort on your part? Subscribe by e-mail to the group:


and receive copies of postings to the Dentistry Library Blog, in which we track cutting edge news and events in dentistry, as well as new resources and tools.

You can subscribe yourself at the UM Directory or e-mail dentistry.library@umich.edu with a request to be added.

Posted by pfa at 09:48 PM | Comments (0)

JAMA's New Studies on Amalgam's Health Impacts

The prestigious medical journal JAMA released today two randomized controlled clinical trials on the longterm health effects of amalgam restorations in children. Both trials found no measurable ill effects of amalgam.

Neuropsychological and Renal Effects of Dental Amalgam in Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial
David C. Bellinger, PhD, MSc; Felicia Trachtenberg, PhD; Lars Barregard, MD, PhD; Mary Tavares, DMD, MPH; Elsa Cernichiari, MS; David Daniel, PhD; Sonja McKinlay, PhD.
JAMA. 2006;295:1775-1783:
FREE ARTICLE: http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/295/15/1775

"Conclusions In this study, there were no statistically significant differences in adverse neuropsychological or renal effects observed over the 5-year period in children whose caries were restored using dental amalgam or composite materials. Although it is possible that very small IQ effects cannot be ruled out, these findings suggest that the health effects of amalgam restorations in children need not be the basis of treatment decisions when choosing restorative dental materials."

Neurobehavioral Effects of Dental Amalgam in Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Timothy A. DeRouen, PhD; Michael D. Martin, DMD, PhD; Brian G. Leroux, PhD; Brenda D. Townes, PhD; James S. Woods, PhD, MPH; Jorge Leitão, MD, MS; Alexandre Castro-Caldas, MD, PhD; Henrique Luis, MS; Mario Bernardo, DMD, PhD; Gail Rosenbaum, MS; Isabel P. Martins, MD, PhD
JAMA. 2006;295:1784-1792.
UM Only: http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/295/15/1784

"Conclusions In this study, children who received dental restorative treatment with amalgam did not, on average, have statistically significant differences in neurobehavioral assessments or in nerve conduction velocity when compared with children who received resin composite materials without amalgam. These findings, combined with the trend of higher treatment need later among those receiving composite, suggest that amalgam should remain a viable dental restorative option for children."

Posted by pfa at 09:36 PM | Comments (0)

April 07, 2006

World Health Day 2006: Working Together for Health

Today is World Health Day, an annual event sponsored primarily by the World Health Organization. This year, the event focuses on a celebration of the health care workers and professionals throughout the world and an acknowledgment of a lack of much needed professional expertise and health care workers in many parts of the world.

World Health Organization (WHO): World Health Day: Working Together for Health: http://www.who.int/world-health-day/2006/en/

"Health workers - the people who provide health care to those who need it - are the heart of health systems. But around the world, the health workforce is in crisis - a crisis to which no country is entirely immune. The results are evident: clinics with no health workers, hospitals that cannot recruit or keep key staff."

Related links from WHO:

Posted by pfa at 11:04 AM | Comments (0)

April 05, 2006

The Oldest Profession -- Dentistry?

New research published in the journal NATURE today shows that dentistry is 4,000 years older than previously thought.

A. Coppa, L. Bondioli, A. Cucina, D. W. Frayer, C. Jarrige, J. -F. Jarrige, G. Quivron, M. Rossi, M. Vidale and R. Macchiarelli
Palaeontology: Early Neolithic tradition of dentistry.
Nature 440(7085):755-756.
http://www.nature.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/nature/journal/v440/n7085/full/440755a.html [Access limited to the University of Michigan]

"Prehistoric evidence for the drilling of human teeth in vivo has so far been limited to isolated cases from less than six millennia ago. Here we describe eleven drilled molar crowns from nine adults discovered in a Neolithic graveyard in Pakistan that dates from 7,500–9,000 years ago. These findings provide evidence for a long tradition of a type of proto-dentistry in an early farming culture."

Posted by pfa at 09:34 PM | Comments (0)

March 20, 2006

Availability of Software Program to Assess Total Fluoride Exposure

----------- QUOTED MATERIAL ---------------

The NIDCR and NHLBI wish to announce the availability of the Nutrition Data System for Research with Fluoride (NDS-R Fluoride), the first software designed to assess total fluoride exposure of humans from both dietary and non-dietary sources. The software was developed as a new functional model for the Nutrition Data System for Research (NDS-R), a well established computerized database and interview system used by nutrition researchers for collection of dietary information and calculation of nutrient intakes.

The NDS-R Fluoride software is available on a CD-ROM accompanied by a comprehensive Online User Manual fully documenting its features and functionality and providing instructions for its use in a research setting. Training seminars also can be arranged. For information on how to license the NDS-R Fluoride software and the fee schedule contact, please see:

For additional questions or information, contact:
María Teresa Canto, DDS, MPH
Director, Health Promotion and Comunity-based Research Program
Center for Health Promotion and Behavioral Research
Phone: 301-594-5497, E-mail: maria.canto@nih.gov

----------- QUOTED MATERIAL ---------------

Posted by pfa at 03:51 PM | Comments (0)

March 16, 2006

EMBASE Database Access Changing March 31st

As of March 31, 2006, the Embase database will no longer be available for direct searching as part of UM-MEDSEARCH due to budget constraints. The SCOPUS database provides limited access to the content of Embase for those who wish to do their own searching. Those needing more advanced Embase searches may contact the Taubman Medical Library Reference Department for assistance with a search mediated by a medical librarian.

Please send any questions or comments to medical.library@umich.edu

Posted by pfa at 08:45 PM | Comments (0)

March 14, 2006

MMWR Special Issue on Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

The newest issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) focuses on public health issues and response connected to the hurricanes of 2005.

MMWR Weekly March 10, 2006 / Vol. 55 / No. 9: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/mmwr_wk.html

In addition to the articles, they also announce a forthcoming satellite conference and webcast on March 31, 2006; 2pm:

Notice to Readers: Satellite Broadcast: Learning from Katrina: http://www.publichealthgrandrounds.unc.edu/

Posted by pfa at 07:49 PM | Comments (0)

March 09, 2006

Dental Highlights from Deep Blue

Have you heard about Deep Blue, the online institutional repository from the University of Michigan?

Deep Blue: http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/

Deep Blue: Dentistry: http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/simple-search?query=dentistry&start=0

Representative examples of work from faculty of the School of Dentistry include:

Posted by pfa at 03:58 PM | Comments (0)

March 07, 2006

Zerhouni on "The NIH Investment"

Today, Dr. Zerhouni, NIH Director, is quoted as saying:

"I have made a decision that we are strategically going to educate people. We are launching a strategic ... campaign to educate the American people about the value of the NIH investment over the last 34 years," Zerhouni said. "I am sick and tired of hearing negative messages about NIH, and I am going to take on directly the job of
educating the people about the extraordinary value of the nation's investment."
Research Policy Alert (registration required): http://sacserv.com/tracking.jsp?linkid=31310&subid=3148347&campid=146997&type=0

This bold statement is echoed in earlier more formal presentations.

APA Online: Zerhouni: Cool in the Hot Seat: http://www.apa.org/ppo/issues/zerhounitest305.html
Transcript / fulltext of his presentation is in a link at the bottom of this page.
"Congress's investment in NIH has paid quantifiable human health dividends."

Fulfilling the Promise: Celebrating the Academic Medicine and NIH Collaboration: The Partnership between NIH and Academic Medicine (Zerhouni): http://www.aamc.org/research/ftp/briefings.htm
Webcast of presentation available.

NIH Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Request: http://appropriations.senate.gov/hearmarkups/Zerhouni_sStatementfinalFY2006.htm
"The American taxpayer generously invests $96 per person, per year in the NIH for the future health of our country. To give a sense of perspective about our task, I look at the total $29 billion for NIH – nearly half the discretionary funding for all of HHS—and I know I need to make sure that such a large investment is used in a strategic and systematic way to maximize the chances that better treatments and cures are rapidly developed to stem the rising burden of disease, as health care costs consume over $5,500 per person per year and are rising. NIH is currently using this investment for research to attack hundreds of common diseases and an estimated 6,000 rare diseases or conditions that affect approximately 25 million people in the United States -- diseases and disorders that may strike any of us, our parents, our children or our friends. In recent years, we have taken on new challenges such as biodefense."

Posted by pfa at 10:15 AM | Comments (0)

Genetic Association Information Network (GAIN)

Genetic Association Information Network (GAIN): www.fnih.org/GAIN/GAIN_home.shtml

"The Genetic Association Information Network (GAIN) is a public-private partnership of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health, Inc.(FNIH), which will include corporations, private foundations, advocacy groups, concerned individuals, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) (Overview). ... GAIN aims to release data as broadly and rapidly as possible, with equal opportunity for access by all potential research users. Unlinked genotypic data will be openly and freely accessible without need for prior approval. Linked genotypic and phenotypic data will be made available to all qualified users at the same point in time and through the same access approval mechanisms with no special access provided to GAIN partners."

Posted by pfa at 10:10 AM | Comments (0)

March 05, 2006

Google Symposium This Week, Open Registration

The University of Michigan University Library and the U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science are sponsoring a national symposium this Friday and Staurday, March 10-11, 2006 to discuss the impact of mass digitization projects on libraries, universities, government, information policy, publishing, and education.

Entitled, Scholarship and Libraries in Transition: A Dialogue about the Impacts of Mass Digitization Projects, the symposium will provide an opportunity for faculty, students, librarians, publishers, information specialists, policy makers, and the broader academic community to discuss the changing information environment.

Keynote speakers include Tim O'Reilly Founder & CEO, O'Reilly Media, and Clifford Lynch, Director of the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI). Twenty national and international panelists will engage the audience in conversation and share various perspectives about the impacts of mass digitization initiatives.

The free symposium will be held at the Rackham Auditorium at the University of Michigan. Formal registration is now closed, but free walk-in, onsite registration is available for both Friday and Saturday.

For more information, visit http://www.lib.umich.edu/mdp/symposium.

Posted by pfa at 01:06 PM | Comments (0)

March 02, 2006

American Academy of Pediatrics Promotes Dentistry

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) promotes dentistry in a recent news article.

Prevent early childhood caries: Integrate oral health activities into routine pediatric care. Boulter and Romano-Clarke AAP News.2006; 27: 21.

The article discusses recommendations from the AAPD and Bright Futures (Georgetown University). Additional information is available from both.

Bright Futures in Practice: Oral Health: http://www.brightfutures.org/oralhealth/pdf/index.html

Past AAPD President’s Editorial Addresses Epidemic of Early Childhood Caries: http://www.aapd.org/media/pediatricdentistryarticles.asp?NEWS_ID=401?

Also of interest would be the AAP policy statement on early childhood caries.

Oral Health Risk Assessment Timing and Establishment of the Dental Home [PEDIATRICS Vol. 111 No. 5 May 2003, pp. 1113-1116]: http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/pediatrics;111/5/1113

Posted by pfa at 11:12 AM | Comments (0)

February 20, 2006

Dental Historic Collection: Taft and Ramfjord and More

The Digital Library Production Service (DLPS), in conjunction with the Dentistry Library, is pleased to announce the availability of the Dental Historic Collection at


This collection of important and unusual dental publications is comprised of both books and journals. Titles included have been selected for reasons of historical interest, value to the profession, rarity, or a need for preservation of the physical items. Highlights of the collection include such titles as A Practical Treatise on Operative Dentistry by Jonathan Taft, the masters thesis of Sigurd Ramfjord, and the Transactions of the American Dental Association.

While much of Dental Historical Collection is available to the public, those portions restricted to UM campus-use are noted as such.

Posted by pfa at 12:17 PM | Comments (0)

February 10, 2006

Hispanic Culture and Contributions in Dentistry

In keeping with our tradition of diversity-themed exhibits during February and March, the Dentistry Library is pleased to announce our newest exhibit:

     Hispanic Culture and Contributions in Dentistry

Find out more about dentists in the Cuban Ladder Conspiracy, the Brazilian dentist with his own national holiday, traditions of dental modifications then and now, and much more.

The exhibit is currently available in the Dentistry Library, and will be available through the end of April. The companion website will be available by the end of February at this URL:


Currently available online, we have a PDF of the exhibit guide:


Posted by pfa at 03:56 PM | Comments (0)

February 09, 2006

Two NIH Initiatives Launch Intensive Efforts to Determine Genetic and Environmental Roots of Common Diseases

NIH Press Release: http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/feb2006/nhgri-08.htm

"The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) today announced the creation of two new, closely related initiatives to speed up research on the causes of common diseases such as asthma, arthritis and Alzheimer’s disease.

One initiative boosts funding at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a multi-institute effort to identify the genetic and environmental underpinnings of common illnesses. The other initiative launches a public-private partnership between NIH, the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) and major pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, especially Pfizer Global Research & Development of New London, Conn.; and Affymetrix Inc. of Santa Clara, Calif., to accelerate genome association studies to find the genetic roots of widespread sicknesses. The genetic analysis component of the two initiatives is highly complementary."

For more information, see the press release link above, or:

Foundation for the National Institutes of Health: Genetic Association Information Network Launched: Novel Public-Private Partnership Created to Unravel the Genetics Of Common Disease Through Whole Genome Association Studies: http://www.fnih.org/GAIN/gain_press_release.shtml

Posted by pfa at 04:28 PM | Comments (0)

February 08, 2006

Solution for Problems with JADA Online

We've had a report of problems accessing the online version of the Journal of the American Dental Association. While we are correcting the problem with the library's online subscription, we recommend using the free trial version currently available at this URL:


Posted by pfa at 09:49 PM | Comments (0)

News: CIGNA Treatment Cost Estimator

In a socialized system of care, like in the UK, it is fairly straightforward to discover how much a dental treatment will cost, but here in the USA it is much more challenging. There are a few publically available online cost estimators, but even the best of those acknowledge that prices can vary from state to state and practitioner to practitioner. For the first time, CIGNA has just made an online costing tool available for members of its dental insurance program.

Online Tool Giving Consumers Easy Personalized Information About Dental Treatment Costs

"CIGNA Dental has taken the guesswork out of planning for costs associated with dental treatment by launching a first-of-its kind Dental Treatment Cost Estimator."

Posted by pfa at 09:27 PM | Comments (0)

Promising Strategy for Artificial Bone

Nature Suggests a Promising Strategy for Artificial Bone

" Researchers supported by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), part of the National Institutes of Health, report they have harnessed the unique physics of sea water as it freezes to guide the production of what could be a new generation of more biocompatible materials for artificial bone.

As published in the January 27 issue of the journal Science, the researchers used this novel technique to produce a thinly layered composite, or hybrid, structure that more closely mimics the natural scaffolding of bone. The scientists said their initial, proof-of-principle scaffolds are desirably ultra lightweight and up to four times stronger than current porous ceramic implant materials."

Posted by pfa at 09:20 PM | Comments (0)

January 25, 2006

BREATHE - New Tobacco Advocacy Initiative in Michigan

BREATHE, Bar and Restaurant Employees Advocating Together for a Healthy Environment:


"Did you know that bar and restaurant employees are 50 percent more likely than the general population to develop lung cancer, largely because many of them are exposed to secondhand smoke on the job? ... BREATHE is being started in Michigan by the Campaign for Smokefree Air (CSA), a grassroots coalition of statewide groups who support eliminating secondhand smoke dangers in workplaces, restaurants and bars."

Posted by pfa at 03:38 PM | Comments (0)

Homeopathy Collections

The Digital Library Production Service and Taubman Medical Library are pleased to announce the availability of the Homeopathy Collection. A project is currently underway to scan 500 books in the Homeopathy Collection of Taubman Medical Library and make their full text available online. The search interface for the Homeopathy documents available online to the general public is located at:


The homeopathy collection at the University of Michigan originated in the holdings of the Homeopathic Medical College, first established as part of the University in Ann Arbor in 1875. The Homeopathic Medical College existed concurrently with the allopathic Medical School until 1922. There was also a Homeopathic Hospital in existence locally from 1879 until 1891.

The collection itself contains items dating from the mid-1800's to the present day. Although not being digitized at this time, of particular interest is the Bradford Homeopathy Collection, which is composed of 1027 pamphlets that detail 75 years of the history and development of the field of homeopathic medicine. Along with the holdings of the former Homeopathic Library, these pamphlets constitute one of the most complete collections on the subject.


The UM School of Dentistry shared space with the Homeopathic Medical College in its early days. Dr. Taft, the founding Dean of the School of Dentistry, wrote about the profession of homeopathy in his journal, Dental Register of the West. Some stories about interactions between the two schools are in the exhibit on Dr. Taft's life.

Posted by pfa at 11:26 AM | Comments (0)