« March 2008 | Main | May 2008 »

April 30, 2008

Several Funding Opportunities

Academic Career Award (K07) from NIH

The goals of NIH-supported career development programs are to help ensure that diverse pools of highly trained scientists are available in adequate numbers and in appropriate research areas to address the Nation's biomedical, behavioral, and clinical research needs.
Global Infectious Disease Research Training Program Award (D43)
from NIH

The purpose of this announcement is to invite applications for U.S. and developing country institutions for programs to provide infectious disease (excluding HIV/AIDS) research training to scientists and health professionals in order to build sustainable research capacity at institutions in low- and middle-income endemic countries.
Research Grants Call for Proposals from American Educational Research Association deadline August 29, 2008

AERA invites education policy- and practice-related research proposals using NCES, NSF, and other national data bases. Research Grants are available for faculty at institutions of higher education, postdoctoral researchers, and other doctoral-level researchers.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is issuing this Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) soliciting applications from eligible applicants for the planning, arranging, administering and/or conducting of conferences, workshops, and/or meetings (hereinafter referred to as “conferences�) that focus on research to protect human health and safeguard the environment.

The University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research (UKCPR), in cooperation with the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, seeks proposals for social science research on issues salient to low-income populations in the American South.

Regional Small Grants Program Request for Proposals

Young Investigator Development Grants Program Request for Proposals

Posted by yanfu at 11:05 AM | Comments (0)

Post-Graduate/Dissertation Fellowships

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington is accepting applications for the Post-Graduate Fellowship program.

Robert Wood Johnson Health & Society Scholars Program
2008-2009 Call for Applications

Deadline: Oct 3, 2008

With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the Institute of Education Sciences, the AERA Grants Program announces its Dissertation Grants Program.

Posted by yanfu at 09:46 AM | Comments (0)

April 29, 2008

NIH and Sensitive Data

NIH Reconfirms Commitment to Protecting Sensitive Personal Data

April 14, 2008

As a result of the recent theft of an NIH employee’s laptop which included storage of patient data, the NIH has refocused its efforts to protecting information systems (electronic and hard copy) which contain sensitive personal information. Steps are currently underway at NIH to ensure that all computers, laptops and portable electronic devices are encrypted and that NIH employees are educated in the proper handling of sensitive data.

In addition, the NIH encourages grantee institutions and individuals not to use portable electronic devices to store identifiable, sensitive, and confidential information about NIH-supported research or research participants. If they must be used, they should be encrypted to safeguard data and information. These devices include laptops, CDs, disc drives, flash drives, etc. Researchers and institutions should limit access to personally identifiable information through a means of access controls such as password protection.

For more information, see NIH Guide Notice, dated 4/11/2008.


Posted by lisan at 01:23 PM | Comments (0)

Variables to be included in Census 2010 and ACS

Recently, the Census Bureau submitted to Congress the questions it plans to ask in the 2010 Census and the American Community Survey.


Posted by lisan at 09:50 AM | Comments (0)

Sex selective abortions in India

Indian Prime Minister denounces Abortion of Females
Amelia Gentleman | NY TIMES
April 29, 2008

Story based on an article in Lancet:
Low male-to-female sex ratio of children born in India: national survey of 1.1 million households
Lancet 2006 (January): pages 211-218

Posted by lisan at 09:46 AM | Comments (0)

April 25, 2008

Call for Papers: Epidemiologic Approaches to Health Disparities

Epidemiologic Reviews, a sister publication of the American Journal of Epidemiology, is devoted to publishing comprehensive and critical reviews on specific themes once a year. The 2009 issue, to be published in the summer of 2009, will address the topic of health disparities.

Details at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/epirev/callforpapers.html

Posted by yanfu at 02:43 PM | Comments (0)

North American Jewish Databank

National studies that identify the Jewish population in the United States:

Community-based studies:

Terms of use to access data:

Posted by lisan at 01:33 PM | Comments (0)

GAO Adds 2010 Census to High-Risk List

2010 Census: Automation Problems and Uncertain Costs and Plans. . .

Additional GAO reports critical of the Census Bureau's planning:

GAO-08-659T] Census at Critical Juncture for Implementing Risk Reduction
Mathew Scire and David Powner | GAO
April 9, 2008

[GAO-08-550T] Information Technology: Significant Problems of Critical Automation Program
David Powner and Mathew Scire | GAO
March 5, 2008

[GAO-08-295T] Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Improve its Risk Management of Decennial Systems
David Powner and Mathew Scire | GAO
December 11, 2007

[GAO-07-779T] 2010 Census: Design Shows Progress, but Managing. . . Require Attention
Mathew Scire | GAO
April 24, 2007

[GAO-07-1106T] 2010 Census: Preparations for the 2010 Census Underway, but Continued Oversight and Risk Management are Critical
Mathew Scire and David Powner | GAO
July 17, 2007

[GAO-06-1009T] 2010 Census: Redesigned Approach Holds Promise, but. . .
Brenda Farrell | GAO
July 27, 2006

[GAO-06-822T] 2010 Census: Costs and Risks Must be Closely Monitored and Evaluated with Mitigation Plans in Place
Brenda Farrell | GAO
June 6, 2006

Census Bureau: Important Activities for Improving Management of Key 2010 Decennial Acquisitions Remain to be Done
GAO Highlights
March 2006

[GAO-05-9] 2010 Census: Basic Design has Potential, but Remaining Challenges Need Prompt Attention
GAO Highlights
January 2005

Posted by lisan at 11:57 AM | Comments (0)

Census Official Steps Down

Census official steps down amid criticism over contract
Stephen Ohlemacher | Associated Press
April 24, 2008

More background information:

Mismanagement, not technology, caused Census handheld trouble, auditors say
By Gautham Nagesh | Government Executive
April 9, 2008

Census Bureau facing huge cost increase, possible delays in 2010 effort
Gautham Nagesh | Government Executive
March 5, 2008

Census program to use handheld computers said to be in 'serious trouble'
Allan Holmes | Government Executive
January 1, 2008

On the Brink: The success of the 2010 census hangs on the risky switch to handheld computers
Allan Holmes | Government Executive
July 15, 2007

Posted by lisan at 11:38 AM | Comments (0)

April 24, 2008

Recent World Bank Policy Research Working Papers

Determinants of remittances : recent evidence using data on internal migrants in Vietnam

Health reform, population policy and child nutritional status in China

Migrant labor markets and the welfare of rural households in the developing world : evidence from China


Posted by yanfu at 02:42 PM | Comments (0)

NIH Support for Conferences and Scientific Meetings

NIH Support for Conferences and Scientific Meetings

The purpose of the NIH Research Conference Grant Program (R13 and U13) is to support high quality conferences/scientific meetings that are relevant to the scientific mission of the NIH and to the public health.

Posted by yanfu at 02:06 PM | Comments (0)

Tell Us the 'Broader Impacts' of Your Science, NSF Says

The National Science Foundation says not enough grant applicants and peer reviewers are taking seriously — or even know about — an 11-year-old requirement that they evaluate the “broader impacts� of proposed studies, reported in the Chronicle of Higher Education News blog.

Posted by yanfu at 11:29 AM | Comments (0)

April 23, 2008

2007 Regional AIDS reports from UN

The Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has issued the 2007 AIDS epidemic update Regional Summaries.

Posted by yanfu at 03:03 PM | Comments (0)

Countdown to 2015: Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival

Countdown to 2015: Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival
Source: United Nations, et. al.

A new report, Countdown to 2015: Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival, finds that treatment for potentially fatal illnesses and other vital health services largely fail to reach women and children in need, despite some progress. The report, a collaborative effort of United Nations agencies, non-governmental organizations, universities, and other institutions and individuals, tracks progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5, to reduce child and maternal mortality respectively.

Posted by yanfu at 02:47 PM | Comments (0)

World Development Indicators, 2008

The 2008 WDI includes more than 800 indicators in over 80 tables organized in 6 sections: World View, People, Environment, Economy, States and Markets, and Global Links.

UM access to WDI Online, 1960-

Posted by yanfu at 01:42 PM | Comments (0)

How does GDP and income affect subjective well-being?

Betsey Stevenson and Justin Wolfers re-examine the 'Easterlin Paradox,' which suggests there is no link between economic development of a society and the happiness of its members.

Posted by nebarr at 07:52 AM | Comments (0)

April 22, 2008

Declining Life Expectancy for Women in selected counties: US

The Reversal of Fortunes: Trends in County
Mortality and Cross-County Mortality Disparities
in the United States

Majid Ezzati1, Ari B. Friedman, Sandeep C. Kulkarni, Christopher J. L. Murray
PLOS Medicine
May 4, 2008

Posted by lisan at 08:42 AM | Comments (0)

April 21, 2008

CDC Report: Estimated Pregnancy Rates by Outcome for the United States, 1990-2004

Estimated Pregnancy Rates by Outcome for the United States, 1990-2004
Source: National Center for Health Statistics

Pregnancy rates for women under age 25, including teenagers, in the United States declined in 2004 compared to 1990, according to a report released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Posted by yanfu at 11:15 AM | Comments (0)

WalkScore - Measuring walkability in neighborhoods


Check out your neighborhood. How close are you to libraries, schools and neighborhood stores?

Posted by lisan at 10:43 AM | Comments (0)

April 15, 2008

Many Muslims Turn to Home Schooling

"Resolute or Fearful, Many Muslims Turn to Home Schooling"
Neil MacFarquhar | NY TIMES
March 26, 2008
Across the United States, Muslims who find that a public school education clashes with their religious or cultural traditions have turned to educating their children at home.

Posted by lisan at 05:02 AM | Comments (0)

Health Disparities – Mammograms

Disparities: Wealth Factor Seen in Mammogram Rates
Eric Nagourney | NY TIMES
March 25, 2008

Article based on Williams, et.al. 2008. "Screening Mammography in Older Women: Effect of Wealth and Prognosis" Arch Intern Med. Vol 168 (March):514-520.

Posted by lisan at 04:53 AM | Comments (0)

Belly Fat and Dementia

Kaiser Permanente study shows that a larger abdomen in midlife increases risk of dementia


The press release is based on the following citation:
Whitmer, F. D. Gustafson, E. Barrett-Connor, M. Haan, E. Gunderson, K. Yaffe. 2008 . “Central Obesity and increased risk of dementia more than three decades later.� Neurology.

Posted by lisan at 04:48 AM | Comments (0)

April 14, 2008

Funding Opportunities

Gender, Youth and HIV Risk (R01), RFA-HD-08-013

Gender, Youth and HIV Risk (R21), RFA-HD-08-017

Posted by yanfu at 11:27 AM | Comments (0)

April 10, 2008

Heck of a Job [Editorial on the Census]

Another Heck of a Job
Editorial | NY TIMES
April 10, 2008
The Bush administration won’t save the census, which is central to American democracy. But Congress can.

Posted by lisan at 12:17 PM | Comments (0)

Latin America and the Caribbean statistical yearbook 2007

From the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

From press release:

A leading reference source for social, economic and environmental information on the region, the Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean 2007, produced by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), is now available on ECLAC’s webpage. … The Yearbook is divided into four chapters:

* Chapter one covers demographic and social areas, with special attention to gender;
* Chapter two presents basic economic information, including production, prices, international trade, balance of payments and national accounts;
* Chapter three provides information on natural resources and the environment, in response to increasing regional and international interest in sustainable development; and
* Chapter four provides readers with methodological and other data on sources, definitions and coverage of the statistics cited.

Spanish; English

Posted by ljridley at 11:03 AM | Comments (0)

Parent-Reported Sleep Problems During Development

Parent-Reported Sleep Problems During Development and Self-reported Anxiety/Depression, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior Later in Life
Alice M. Gregory, Jan Van der Ende, Thomas A. Willis, and Frank C. Verhulst
Source: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

Sleep problems are risk indicators of later emotional difficulties in childhood and adolescence and in adulthood, as well as across these developmental periods. Although most research, to date, has focused on symptoms of insomnia in association with emotional difficulties, there is emerging evidence that other sleep and sleep-related problems (referred to herein as sleep problems) may also be linked to subsequent difficulties that are not only emotional but also behavioral. Indeed, results of one study demonstrated that a composite of different sleep problems predicted symptoms of anxiety and depression, attention problems, and aggression later in life. For knowledge concerning links between sleep problems and later emotional and behavioral difficulties to be maximally beneficial to the physician, clarification of which particular sleep problems are associated with later difficulties is paramount. Toward this aim, this article documents associations between parental perceptions of 6 aspects of sleep (examined during development) and subsequent self-reported emotional and behavioral difficulties in a representative sample of 2076 participants from Zuid-Holland. This study is novel in allowing comparison of different types of sleep problems as predictors of different types of later behavioral and emotional problems. Based on previous research, associations between different aspects of sleep and different types of emotional and behavioral problems were expected, but hypotheses concerning specific patterns of association were considered premature.

Full text (HTML)

Posted by ljridley at 11:00 AM | Comments (0)

Short Sleep Duration in Infancy and Risk of Childhood Overweight

Authors: Elsie M. Taveras, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Erica P. Gunderson, and Matthew W. Gillman
Source: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 162(4):305-311

Daily sleep duration of less than 12 hours during infancy appears to be a risk factor for overweight and adiposity in preschool-aged children.

Full text (HTML)

Posted by ljridley at 10:56 AM | Comments (0)

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor

How Hurricanes Affect Employment and Wages in Local Labor Markets
(forthcoming in: American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, May 2008)
Ariel R. Belasen and Solomon Polachek
Abstract; PDF

Qualifying Religion: The Role of Plural Identities for Educational Production
Timo Boppart, Josef Falkinger, Volker Grossmann, Ulrich Woitek, and Gabriela WĂĽthrich
Abstract; PDF

Tobacco and Alcohol: Complements or Substitutes? A Structural Model Approach
Harald Tauchmann, Silja Göhlmann, Till Requate, and Christoph M. Schmidt
Abstract; PDF

Meta-Analysis of Empirical Evidence on the Labour Market Impacts of Immigration
Simonetta Longhi, Peter Nijkamp, and Jacques Poot
Abstract; PDF

Migration and the Wage Curve: A Structural Approach to Measure the Wage and Employment Effects of Migration
Herbert BrĂĽcker and Elke J. Jahn
Abstract; PDF

Econometric Causality
(forthcoming in: International Statistical Review)
James J. Heckman
Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 10:41 AM | Comments (0)

Public lecture, U-M Center for Global Health

Albrecht Jahn, Ph.D., will discuss "Safe Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Test Case for Global Health," Monday, April 14, 2008, 4pm - 5pm, 1655 Crossroads Building, School of Public Health I, 109 S. Observatory St.

Posted by nebarr at 09:43 AM | Comments (0)

April 08, 2008

Migration to Hot Housing Markets Cools Off

Source: Brookings Institution
By: William H. Frey

Migration to America’s fastest-growing areas has tapered off in the last year, newly released Census data show. The slowdown is sharpest in places where growth was fueled in large part by the decade’s hot housing market—Florida, the Mountain West and ex-urban counties.

At the same time, the formerly foot-loose residents of coastal California, Northeast and Midwest cities and inner suburbs are mostly staying put. This “migration correction� is a response to the housing market correction that has kept would-be buyers from locating to previously hot areas, and in many cases, keeping them from selling existing homes in the established locales.

Full text
Charts and Tables:
Annual Growth Chart
Table A
Table B
Table C

Posted by ljridley at 03:00 PM | Comments (0)

The Science of Sex Differences in Science and Mathematics

Source: Psychological Science in the Public Interest
By: Diane F. Halpern, Camilla P. Benbow, David C. Geary, Ruben C. Gur, Janet Shibley Hyde, and Morton Ann Gernsbacher

Amid ongoing public speculation about the reasons for sex differences in careers in science and mathematics, we present a consensus statement that is based on the best available scientific evidence. Sex differences in science and math achievement and ability are smaller for the mid-range of the abilities distribution than they are for those with the highest levels of achievement and ability. Males are more variable on most measures of quantitative and visuospatial ability, which necessarily results in more males at both high- and low-ability extremes; the reasons why males are often more variable remain elusive. Successful careers in math and science require many types of cognitive abilities. Females tend to excel in verbal abilities, with large differences between females and males found when assessments include writing samples. High-level achievement in science and math requires the ability to communicate effectively and comprehend abstract ideas, so the female advantage in writing should be helpful in all academic domains. Males outperform females on most measures of visuospatial abilities, which have been implicated as contributing to sex differences on standardized exams in mathematics and science. An evolutionary account of sex differences in mathematics and science supports the conclusion that, although sex differences in math and science performance have not directly evolved, they could be indirectly related to differences in interests and speci ic brain and cognitive systems. We review the brain basis for sex differences in science and mathematics, describe consistent effects, and identify numerous possible correlates. Experience alters brain structures and functioning, so causal statements about brain differences and success in math and science are circular. A wide range of sociocultural forces contribute to sex differences in mathematics and science achievement and ability—including the effects of family, neighborhood, peer, and school in luences; training and experience; and cultural practices. We conclude that early experience, biological factors, educational policy, and cultural context affect the number of women and men who pursue advanced study in science and math and that these effects add and interact in complex ways. There are no single or simple answers to the complex questions about sex differences in science and mathematics.

Full text (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 02:54 PM | Comments (0)

Essays on Environmental Determinants of Health Behaviors and Outcomes

RAND Dissertation
By: Khoa Dang Truong

This dissertation consists of four stand-alone essays that focus on alcohol and food environments. They examine the following: (1) Disparities in alcohol environments and their relationship to adolescent drinking. Nineteen percent of all expenditure on alcohol in 1999 was attributed to underage drinking. Alcohol outlets located in close proximity to homes are significantly associated with adolescents’ binge drinking and driving after drinking. (2) The spatial location of alcohol outlets and problem drinking among the adult population. There is consistent evidence of a concentration of alcohol retailers in minority and low-income neighborhoods in California. Some types of alcohol outlets are found to be associated with excess alcohol consumption and heavy episodic drinking among the adult population with indirect effects such as drunk driving and violent crime. (3) Weight gain trends across sociodemographic groups in the United States. Although sociodemographic disparities in obesity are well-documented, weight gain trend is quite similar across sociodemographic groups — probably due in part to broadly environmental factors such as transportation and community design. (4) Retail food environments. Retail food outlets are associated with individual obesity status. Improving the supply of and access to healthy food choices can play a role in the prevention of obesity.

Document Information; Full text (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 02:46 PM | Comments (0)

The Opium Brides of Afghanistan

The Opium Brides of Afghanistan
By Sami Yousafzai and Ron Moreau | NEWSWEEK
April 7, 2008

Posted by lisan at 09:17 AM | Comments (0)

The Curious Lives of Surrogates

The Curious Lives of Surrogates
Lorraine Ali and Raina Kelley | NEWSWEEK
April 7, 2008

Posted by lisan at 09:14 AM | Comments (0)

Single Mothers in China

Single Mothers in China Forge a Difficult Path
Howard French | NY TIMES
April 6, 2008

Posted by lisan at 09:10 AM | Comments (0)

April 07, 2008

Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care

Use the links in the Atlas Data Tools menu at left to find state, region, and hospital-specific data. Download prepared tables from our Download page, or make your own tables and graphs using the Data Tools. Descriptions of the tools and step-by-step Help files can be found on the Data Tools page.

Posted by lisan at 09:57 PM | Comments (0)

Variation in Health Care Costs

Researchers Find Huge Variations in End-of-Life Treatment
Robert Pear | NY TIMES
April 7, 2008

Based on a report from the Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care
Tracking the Care of Patients with Severe Chronic Illness

Posted by lisan at 09:52 PM | Comments (0)

April 05, 2008

Census 2010 back to pen and paper

Census Back to Pen and Paper: Bureau Admits it wasn't clear on computer needs
April 4, 2008

Additional links to:
Census Bureau statement
Statement of Steve Murdock, Director of the Census Bureau

Posted by lisan at 07:13 PM | Comments (0)

Popline blocks "abortion" searches

Health Database Set up to ignore abortion
Robert Pear | NY TIMES
April 5, 2008

This action was relatively short-lived:

Posted by lisan at 06:55 PM | Comments (0)

April 03, 2008

2008 C2S Summer Biomarker Institute

2008 C2S Summer Biomarker Institute

June 9-11, 2008
Northwestern University
Evanston, IL

The institute is designed to provide a hands-on introduction to state-of-the-art methods for integrating biomarkers into population-based, social science research, covering technical as well as conceptual issues associated with biological measurement in naturalistic settings.

Posted by yanfu at 02:07 PM | Comments (0)

Multiple versions of TIGER/Line files available at ICPSR

This new resource from ICPSR includes data no longer available online from the US Census Bureau.


Posted by lisan at 11:22 AM | Comments (0)

Social exclusion and the gender gap in education

Source: World Bank Policy Research Working Papers
By: Maureen Lewis and Marlaine Lockheed

Despite a sharp increase in the share of girls who enroll in, attend, and complete various levels of schooling, an educational gender gap remains in some countries. This paper argues that one explanation for this gender gap is the degree of social exclusion within these countries, as indicated by ethno-linguistic heterogeneity, which triggers both economic and psycho-social mechanisms to limit girls' schooling. Ethno-linguistic heterogeneity initially was applied to explaining lagging economic growth, but has emerged in the literature more recently to explain both civil conflict and public goods. This paper is a first application of the concept to explain gender gaps in education. The paper discusses the importance of female education for economic and social development, reviews the evidence regarding gender and ethnic differences in schooling, reviews the theoretical perspectives of various social science disciplines that seek to explain such differences, and tests the relevance of ethnic and linguistic heterogeneity in explaining cross-country differences in school attainment and learning. The study indicates that within-country ethnic and linguistic heterogeneity partly explains both national female primary school completion rates and gender differences in these rates, but only explains average national learning outcomes when national income measures are excluded.
Full Text (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 11:03 AM | Comments (0)

Food Stamps and Obesity: What Do We Know?

Food Stamps and Obesity: What Do We Know?
By Michele Ver Ploeg and Katherine Ralston
Economic Information Bulletin

Results from reviewed studies indicate that for most participants in the Food Stamp Program—children, nonelderly men, and the elderly—use of food stamp benefits does not result in an increase in either Body Mass Index (BMI) or the likelihood of being overweight or obese. However, for nonelderly women, who account for 28 percent of the food stamp caseload, some evidence suggests that participation in the Food Stamp Program may increase BMI and the probability of obesity. Different results for age and sex subgroups remain unexplained. Further, because food stamp benefits are issued to households, not individuals, mixed results across age and sex subgroups make it difficult to target policy alternatives to address potential weight gain among some participants while not affecting others in the household.
Summary Report (PDF) Full Report (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 10:53 AM | Comments (0)

Poverty, Programs, and Prices

Poverty, Programs, and Prices: How Adjusting for Costs of Living Would Affect Federal Benefit Eligibility
Source: Brookings Institution
Authors: Leah Beth Curran, Kimberly Furdell, Edward W. Hill, Hal Wolman

Regional cost of living affects the quality of life that individuals and families experience in different places. The national median household income for a family of four ($46,242 in 2005), for instance, purchases a much higher standard of living in Wichita, KS than in New York City, NY.2 Yet, policymakers rarely consider the impact of cost of living differences on quality of life or factor these differences into decisions about the allocation of federal resources for working families.

Full report (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 10:32 AM | Comments (0)

Child Poverty and Family Economic Hardship

Child Poverty and Family Economic Hardship: 10 Important Questions
Source: National Center for Children in Poverty

The experiences of children and families who face economic hardship are far from uniform. Some families experience hard times for brief spells while a small minority experience chronic poverty. For some, the greatest challenge is inadequate financial resources, whether insufficient income to meet daily expenses or the necessary assets (savings, a home) to get ahead. For others, economic hardship is compounded by social isolation. These differences in the severity and depth of poverty matter, especially when it comes to the effects on children.

Posted by ljridley at 10:29 AM | Comments (0)

Treatment of Hypertension in Patients 80 Years of Age or Older

Authors: Nigel S. Beckett, et al.
Source: New England Journal of Medicine

Elevated blood pressure is common in persons 80 years of age or older, a group constituting the fastest-growing segment of the general population. HYVET provides unique evidence that hypertension treatment based on indapamide (sustained release), with or without perindopril, in the very elderly, aimed to achieve a target blood pressure of 150/80 mm Hg, is beneficial and is associated with reduced risks of death from stroke, death from any cause, and heart failure.

Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 10:25 AM | Comments (0)

April 02, 2008

New Working Papers from the NBER

Imperfect Substitution between Immigrants and Natives: A Reappraisal
George J. Borjas, Jeffrey Grogger, Gordon H. Hanson
Abstract; PDF

The Life Cycle of Scholars and Papers in Economics -- the "Citation Death Tax"
Joshua Aizenman, Kenneth Kletzer
Abstract; PDF

The Transition to Post-industrial BMI Values Among US Children
John Komlos, Ariane Breitfelder, Marco Sunder
Abstract; PDF

Is There Dowry Inflation in South Asia?
Raj Arunachalam, Trevon Logan
Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 02:32 PM | Comments (0)

Food Stamp Use Nears Record

As Jobs Vanish and Prices Rise, Food Stamp Use Nears Record
Erik Eckholm
March 31, 2008

Driven by a painful mix of layoffs and rising food and fuel prices, the number of Americans receiving food stamps is projected to reach 28 million in the coming year, the highest level since the aid program began in the 1960s.

For more information see:
USDA Food Stamp Program Data & Statistics

Posted by ljridley at 11:53 AM | Comments (0)

April 01, 2008

New Funding Opportunities

Prevention Research with HIV Positive Individuals (R21)

Prevention Research with HIV Positive Individuals (R03)

Prevention Research with HIV Positive Individuals (R01)

Program Description:
-Purpose. This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) issued by the National Institute Mental Health (NIMH), National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), and Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) invites interdisciplinary studies addressing the psychosocial and behavioral consequences of HIV disease. Over the past decade, secondary prevention in HIV disease, or positive prevention , has received a much needed increase in attention. Gains have been made toward the aim of decreasing HIV transmission behaviors and improving quality of life among individuals living with HIV/AIDS, as well as understanding factors that are important to healthy coping. In this program announcement, further opportunities for innovation in this field are indicated.

Posted by yanfu at 11:11 AM | Comments (0)

Employment Opportunities

Job Listings from

American Educational Research Association



American Statistical Association

Faculty and Research positions from the Chronicle of Higher Education

Posted by yanfu at 10:43 AM | Comments (0)

New release of USA Counties

USA Counties now has downloadable data files to accompany the web-based version of USA counties:

Web-based version

Excel download version

Posted by lisan at 08:43 AM | Comments (0)

Census Bureau releases data on metro areas

Texas is home to 4 of the nation's top 10 growing cities.


Posted by lisan at 08:39 AM | Comments (0)