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August 29, 2008

Brookings Report: Reversal of Fortune

Citation: Kneebone, E. & Berube, A. (2008). Reversal of Fortune: A New Look at Concentrated Poverty in the 2000s. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

An analysis of the changing geographic distribution of low-income workers and their families, measured by receipt of the federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) in tax years 1999 and 2005, nationwide and in 58 major metropolitan areas across the country.

Posted by yanfu at 02:57 PM | Comments (0)

August 19, 2008

HIV/AIDS: Treatment and Prevention Exchange Vows at International Conference

HIV/AIDS: Treatment and Prevention Exchange Vows at International Conference
Science 15 August 2008: 902-903.

Summary: AIDS researchers have long argued that HIV prevention and treatment efforts should go hand in hand, but they rarely do. Their fickle relationship received intense scrutiny at the XVII International AIDS Conference held in Mexico City last week.

Posted by yanfu at 03:21 PM | Comments (0)

NIH Funding: Reducing Risk Behaviors by Promoting Positive Youth Development

To enhance our understanding of effective positive youth development programs and the mechanisms responsible for positive health and developmental outcomes.

Reducing Risk Behaviors by Promoting Positive Youth Development R01
Reducing Risk Behaviors by Promoting Positive Youth Development R03

Posted by yanfu at 10:46 AM | Comments (0)

August 13, 2008

Tenure track positions at Princeton and UC-Davis

Assistant Professor in Demography and Public Affairs at Princeton

The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University invites applications for a tenure track assistant professor position in demography and public affairs, beginning September, 2009.

Tenure-track Faculty Position in Social Demography at UC-Davis

The Department of Sociology invites applications for a tenure track position in social demography to begin July 1, 2009. Substantive areas in social demography might include, but are not limited to marriage and family, immigration, and labor markets. The position will be at the Assistant Professor level (salary commensurate with experience). Deadline for submission of applications is September 15, 2008.

Posted by yanfu at 04:46 PM | Comments (0)

Approaching Health Disparities From a Population Perspective

Approaching Health Disparities From a Population Perspective: The National Institutes of Health Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities

Abstract:
Addressing health disparities has been a national challenge for decades. The National Institutes of Health–sponsored Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities are the first federal initiative to support transdisciplinary multilevel research on the determinants of health disparities. Their novel research approach combines population, clinical, and basic science to elucidate the complex determinants of health disparities. The centers are partnering with community-based, public, and quasi-public organizations to disseminate scientific findings and guide clinical practice in communities. In turn, communities and public health agents are shaping the research. The relationships forged through these complex collaborations increase the likelihood that the centers’ scientific findings will be relevant to communities and contribute to reductions in health disparities.

from American Journal of Public Health 2008 98 (9) 1608-1615

Posted by yanfu at 04:37 PM | Comments (0)

Grant News

Field-Initiated Grants - William T. Grant Foundation

The Foundation supports high-quality research that addresses our Current Research Interests: enhancing our understanding of how youth settings work, how they affect youth development, and how they can be improved; and when, how, and under what conditions research evidence is used in policy and practice that affect youth, and how its use can be improved.

Posted by yanfu at 04:29 PM | Comments (0)

August 07, 2008

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Weight Gain in Adolescents and Their Peers
Timothy Halliday, Sally Kwak
Abstract; PDF

Does the Color of the Collar Matter? Firm Specific Human Capital and Post-Displacement Outcomes
Guido Schwerdt, Andrea Ichino, Oliver Ruf, Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, Josef Zweimüller
Abstract; PDF

The Economic Growth Impact of Hurricanes: Evidence from US Coastal Counties
Eric Strobl
Abstract; PDF

Regional Price Differences in Urban China 1986-2001: Estimation and Implication
Cathy Honge Gong, Xin Meng
Abstract; PDF

Preparing for Policy Changes: Social Security Expectations and Pension Scheme Participation
Karen M. van der Wiel
Abstract; PDF

Happiness Inequality in the United States
Betsey Stevenson, Justin Wolfers
Abstract; PDF

Information and Beliefs in a Repeated Normal-Form Game
Dietmar Fehr, Dorothea Kübler, David N. Danz
Abstract; PDF

Long-Term Economic Consequences of Vietnam-Era Conscription: Schooling, Experience and Earnings
Joshua Angrist, Stacey Chen..
Abstract; PDF

The Causal Effect of Parent’s Schooling on Children’s Schooling: A Comparison of Estimation Methods
Helena Holmlund, Mikael Lindahl, Erik Plug
Abstract; PDF

Living’ Wage, Class Conflict and Ethnic Strife
Indraneel Dasgupta
Abstract; PDF

Minimizing Bias in Selection on Observables Estimators When Unconfoundness Fails
Daniel L. Millimet, Rusty Tchernis
Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 09:53 AM | Comments (0)

August 06, 2008

XVII International AIDS Conference Mexico City August 2008

AIDS 2008 will provide many opportunities for the presentation of important new scientific research and for productive, structured dialogue on the major challenges facing the global response to AIDS.

Posted by yanfu at 04:38 PM | Comments (0)

News from Guttmacher Institute

Publicly funded family planning clinics prevent 1.4 million unentended pregnancies earch year.

Publicly funded family planning clinics provide contraceptive services to approximately seven million women each year. Without these services, the annual number of unintended pregnancies and abortions in the United States would be almost 50% higher. In other words, 1.4 million unintended pregnancies and 600,000 abortions are averted each year because of these services, according to a new Guttmacher Institute analysis.

Posted by yanfu at 04:30 PM | Comments (0)

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Scholars in Health Policy Research

Deadline: Oct 22, 2008

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Scholars in Health Policy Research program helps to develop a new generation of creative health policy thinkers and researchers within the disciplines of economics, political science and sociology. Each year the program selects up to 12 highly qualified individuals for two-year fellowships at one of three nationally prominent universities with the expectation that they will make important research contributions to future United States health policy.

Posted by yanfu at 04:23 PM | Comments (0)

August 01, 2008

America's Newest Mega Cities

Mountain Megas: America's Newest Metropolitan Places and a Federal Partnership to Help Them Prosper
Robert E. Lang, Andrea Sarzynski, Mark Muro
Source: Brookings Institute, Metropolitan Policy Program

States in the southern Intermountain West—Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah—are experiencing some of the fastest population growth and economic and demographic transition anywhere in the country.

In fact, thanks to such maturation, the southern Intermountain West is well on its way to earning itself the title of the New American Heartland as its economy, people, and politics become more central to the nation. Politically, the Intermountain West could be home to several swing states in the 2008 election and in time play the storied “kingmaking? role the Midwest does now.

Prepared as part of the Brookings Institution’s Blueprint for American Prosperity initiative, “Mountain Megas: America’s Newest Metropolitan Places and a Federal Partnership to Help Them Prosper? describes and assesses the new supersized reality of the Intermountain West and proposes a more helpful role for the federal government in empowering regional leaders’ efforts to build a uniquely Western brand of prosperity that is at once more sustainable, productive, and inclusive than past eras of boom and bust.

Executive Summary (PDF)
; Full report (PDF)

Individual Megapolitan Profiles (PDFs):

* Sun Corridor
* Front Range
* Wasatch Front
* Greater Las Vegas
* Northern New Mexico

Posted by ljridley at 10:45 AM | Comments (0)