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March 31, 2009

International Seminar on Social and Health Policies for Equity: Approaches and Strategies

Panel on Health Equity and Policy in the Arab World
Call for papers

International Seminar on Social and Health Policies for Equity: Approaches and Strategies

London, United Kingdom, 2-4 November 2009

Organized by the IUSSP Scientific Panel on Health Equity and Policy in the Arab World, the Social Research Center of the American University in Cairo, and University College London

Deadline for submission of abstracts: 1 July 2009.


Posted by yanfu at 02:49 PM | Comments (0)

International Seminar on Gender and Empowerment in the 21st Century in Africa

Call for Papers

International Seminar on Gender and Empowerment in the 21st Century in Africa

Nairobi, Kenya, 24-26 August 2009

Organized by the IUSSP Scientific Panel on Gender
and the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)

Deadline for submission of abstract: 15 May 2009.

The International development and policy agenda has galvanized global attention to issues of gender inequality and women’s empowerment through various international policy platforms like the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo and the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. The importance of gender equality and women’s empowerment in achieving national and global development goals is underscored in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), with the third goal (MDG 3) specifically addressing the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. A mid-point assessment of global progress on the MDGs noted that “doors are opening slowly for women in the labor market”. However, women still account for over 60% of unpaid family workers (UN DESA, 2007); only 17% of members of single or lower houses of parliament; and more girls than boys remain out of school (UNSD, 2007).


Posted by yanfu at 02:46 PM | Comments (0)

March 18, 2009

Two New Reports from the Bureau of Labor Statistics

A Profile of the Working Poor, 2007

In 2007, according to the Census Bureau, 37.3 million people, or 12.5 percent of the population, lived at or below the offi cial poverty level. Although the Nation’s poor were primarily children and adults who had not participated in the labor force during the year, 7.5 million were among the “working poor.” This level is slightly higher than the level reported in 2006. The working poor are individuals who spent at least 27 weeks in the labor force (working or looking for work), but whose incomes still fell below the offi cial poverty level. In 2007, the working poor rate–the ratio of the working poor to all individuals in the labor force for at least 27 weeks–was 5.1 percent, unchanged from the rate reported in 2006.

Full report (PDF)

Characteristics of Minimum Wage Workers: 2008

According to Current Population Survey estimates for 2008, 75.3 million American workers age 16 and over were paid at hourly rates, representing 58.2 percent of all wage and salary workers. On July 24, 2008, the Federal minimum wage increased to $6.55 per hour from $5.85 per hour. Data in this report reflect the average number of workers earning the prevailing Federal minimum wage or less for the year (those who earned $5.85 or less from January 2008 through July 2008 and those who earned $6.55 or less from August 2008 through the end of the year). Among those paid by the hour, 286,000 earned exactly the prevailing Federal minimum wage in 2008. About 1.9 million had wages below the minimum. Together, these 2.2 million workers with wages at or below the minimum made up 3.0 percent of all hourly-paid workers. Tables 1-10 present data on a wide array of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics for hourly-paid workers earning at or below the Federal minimum wage.

Full report (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 03:53 PM | Comments (0)

Understanding Inequality in China

The Rackham School of Graduate Studies and Office of the Provost are pleased to invite you to Professor Yu Xie’s Distinguished University Professorship Lecture on April 1, 2009 at 4:00 p.m. in the Amphitheatre of the Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies Building. The lecture title is Understanding Inequality in China.


Drawing on past research, I advance the following propositions in this talk: (1) inequality in China has been largely mediated by collective agencies, such as locales and work units; (2) traditional Chinese political discourse promoted merit-based inequality, with merit being defined as improving the collective welfare for the masses; and (3) many Chinese people today regard inequality as an inevitable consequence of economic development. Thus, it seems unlikely that social inequality alone would lead to political and social unrest in today's China.

Posted by ljridley at 03:49 PM | Comments (0)

Teen Birth Rates Up Slightly in 2007 for Second Consecutive Year

Births: Preliminary Data for 2007
Source: CDC′s National Center for Health Statistics

From the news release:

The birth rate for U.S. teens aged 15 to 19 increased by about 1 percent in 2007, from 41.9 births per 1,000 in 2006 to 42.5 in 2007, according to a report released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This is the second year in a row that teen births have gone up. They increased 3 percent in 2006 following a 14-year decline.

Birth rates also increased for women in their 20s, 30s and early 40s, but remained unchanged for younger teens and pre-teens aged 10-14. Only Hispanic teens noted a decline in the birth rate, which fell 2 percent in 2007 to 81.7 births per 1,000.

Full report (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 03:04 PM | Comments (0)

March 13, 2009

New Poverty, Gender, and Youth Working Paper from the Population Council

Marriage considerations in sending girls to school in Bangladesh: Some qualitative evidence
Sajeda Amin and Lopita Huq
Abstract; PDF

Multiple dimensions of urban well-being: Evidence from India
S. Chandrasekhar and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay
Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 03:25 PM | Comments (0)

Open Access Week at the University Library

Open Access Week at the University Library

The University of Michigan University Library is hosting a week-long, campus-wide exploration of Open Access during the month of March. We define Open Access as free, permanent, full-text, online access to peer-reviewed scientific and scholarly material. The series of events will bring together scholars, publishers, authors, copyright experts, and librarians from a range of disciplines to discuss the impact of Open Access on academic research and publishing.

Posted by yanfu at 03:07 PM | Comments (0)

March 11, 2009

American Religious Identification Survey 2008

American Religious Identification Survey 2008
Principal Investigators: Barry A. Kosmin and Ariela Keysar
Source: The Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culture (ISSSC), Trinity College

From press release:

Conducted between February and November of last year, ARIS 2008 is the third in a landmark series of large, nationally representative surveys of U.S. adults in the 48 contiguous states conducted by Kosmin and Ariela Keysar. Employing the same research methodology as the 1990 and 2001 surveys, ARIS 2008 questioned 54,461 adults in either English or Spanish. With a margin of error of less than 0.5 percent, it provides the only complete portrait of how contemporary Americans identify themselves religiously, and how that self-identification has changed over the past generation.

Download sections or full report (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 02:21 PM | Comments (0)

Mini-Digest of Education Statistics, 2008

Mini-Digest of Education Statistics, 2008
Source: National Center for Education Statistics

This publication is a pocket-sized compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from kindergarten through graduate school. The statistical highlights are excerpts from the Digest of Education of Statistics, 2008.

Full document (PDF)

Edited to add:
The full Digest of Education Statistics, 2008 is now available. Download chapters or Full Document (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 01:46 PM | Comments (0)

One in 31 U.S. Adults are Behind Bars, on Parole or Probation

One in 31 U.S. Adults are Behind Bars, on Parole or Probation
Contacts: Jessica Riordan and Andrew McDonald
Source: Pew Center on the States

From the press release:
Explosive growth in the number of people on probation or parole has propelled the population of the American corrections system to more than 7.3 million, or 1 in every 31 U.S. adults, according to a report released today by the Pew Center on the States. The vast majority of these offenders live in the community, yet new data in the report finds that nearly 90 percent of state corrections dollars are spent on prisons. One in 31: The Long Reach of American Corrections examines the scale and cost of prison, jail, probation and parole in each of the 50 states, and provides a blueprint for states to cut both crime and spending by reallocating prison expenses to fund stronger supervision of the large number of offenders in the community.

Final report (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 11:49 AM | Comments (0)

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Gender Differences in Risk Behaviour: Does Nurture Matter?
Alison L. Booth, Patrick J. Nolen
Abstract; PDF

Choosing to Compete: The Role of Single-Sex Education
Alison L. Booth, Patrick J. Nolen
Abstract; PDF

Access to Higher Education and Inequality: The Chinese Experiment
Xiaojun Wang, Belton M. Fleisher, Haizheng Li, Shi Li
Abstract; PDF

Re-Constructing Childhood Health Histories
James P. Smith
Abstract; PDF

Literacy Traps: Society-wide Education and Individual Skill Premia
Vidya Atal, Kaushik Basu, John Gray, Travis Lee
Abstract; PDF

How Does Household Production Affect Measured Income Inequality?
Harley Frazis, Jay Stewart
Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 11:32 AM | Comments (0)

March 03, 2009

Welfare-to-Work Program Benefits and Costs: A Synthesis of Research

Welfare-to-Work Program Benefits and Costs: A Synthesis of Research
David Greenberg, Victoria Deitch, and Gayle Hamilton
Source: MDRC

Over the past two decades, federal and state policymakers have dramatically reshaped the nation’s system of cash welfare assistance for low-income families. During this period, there has been considerable variation from state to state in approaches to welfare reform, which are often collectively referred to as “welfare-to-work programs.” To help states assess various program approaches in an informed way, this report draws on an extraordinary body of evidence: results from 28 benefit-cost studies of welfare-to-work programs based on random assignment evaluation designs.

Executive Summary (PDF)
Full Report (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 11:16 AM | Comments (0)

Decade of Neglect Has Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008

Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008
By: Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Bryan C. Baker
Source: Department of Homeland Security

This report provides estimates of the number of unauthorized immigrants residing in the United States as of January 2008 by period of entry, region and country of origin, state of residence, age and gender. The estimates were obtained using the “residual” methodology employed for estimates of the unauthorized population in 2007 (see Hoefer, Rytina and Baker, 2008). The unauthorized resident population is the remainder or “residual” after estimates of the legally resident foreign-born population – legal permanent residents (LPRs), asylees, refugees, and nonimmigrants – are subtracted from estimates of the total foreign-born population. Data to estimate the legally resident population were obtained primarily from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) while the American Community Survey (ACS) of the U.S. Census Bureau was the source for estimates of the total foreign-born population.

Full report (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 11:09 AM | Comments (0)

New Book Acquisitions

Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A State of the Art in Demography
Edited by: Johan Surkyn, Patrick Deboosere and Jan Van Bavel

In February 2007, a conference entitled ’Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century: A state of the Art in Demography’ was organised at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel in honour of Ron Lesthaeghe, who had recently retired from this institution as a professor in demography and social science research methodology. During the 35 years Ron Lesthaeghe worked at the university, he established himself as a passionate researcher in many fields, as a gifted teacher who enthused several generations of students, and as a scholar publishing highly influential work which has changed the face of demography.

This book offers a collection of contributions, presented by friends and colleagues on the occasion of that conference. Therefore it is not a Liber Amicorum that concentrates on personal impressions. Instead, it is inspired by Ron Lesthaeghe’s work and covers many of the fields he was engaged in, together with the research group ’Interface Demography’ which he founded in the late 1980’s. In addition, a tribute from Frans Willekens opens this volume with a brief precis of his academic biography and the significance of his contribution to demography.

Posted by ljridley at 10:55 AM | Comments (0)

March 02, 2009

New Findings from Families and Living Arrangements

As Baby Boomers Age, Fewer Families Have Children Under 18 at Home
Source: America’s Families and Living Arrangements, Current Population Survey, U.S. Census

From Press Release:

With declining fertility rates and the aging of baby boomers, the percentage of families with their own child living at home decreased to 46 percent in 2008, from 52 percent in 1950, according to new data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

The findings come from America’s Families and Living Arrangements: 2008, a collection of 2008 Current Population Survey (CPS) statistics on family and nonfamily households, characteristics of single-parent families, living arrangements of children and data on married and unmarried couples. The CPS has been conducted annually since 1940.

“Decreases in the percentage of families with their own child under 18 at home reflect the aging of the population and changing fertility patterns,” said Rose Kreider, family demographer at the U.S. Census Bureau. “In 2008, not only were baby boomers old enough that most of their children were 18 and over, but they were having fewer kids than their parents, as well.”

In 1950, 52 percent of family households had their own child under 18. During the years when the baby boomers were young, this percentage increased, reaching 57 percent in the early 1960s. In 2008, however, when the baby boomers were about ages 44 to 62, and likely to be householders themselves, the percentage of families with a child had declined to 46 percent.

Detailed Tables

Posted by ljridley at 12:12 PM | Comments (0)

Grandparents and Adolescent Adjustment

Grandparenting and Adolescent Adjustment in Two-Parent Biological, Lone-Parent, and Step-Families
By: Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Jo-Pei Tan, Ann Buchanan, Julia Griggs, and Eirini Flouri
Source: Journal of Family Psychology

From press release:

Spending time with a grandparent is linked with better social skills and fewer behavior problems among adolescents, especially those living in single-parent or stepfamily households, according to a new study.

This study, appearing in the February Journal of Family Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association, found that children and adolescents whose parents have separated or divorced see their grandparents as confidants and sources of comfort.

Full text (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 11:54 AM | Comments (0)