« January 2010 | Main | March 2010 »

February 25, 2010

New Working Papers from the NBER

Interval Estimation of Potentially Misspecified Quantile Models in the Presence of Missing Data
By Patrick Kline, Andres Santos
Abstract; PDF

Temperature and the Allocation of Time: Implications for Climate Change
By Joshua Graff Zivin, Matthew J. Neidell
Abstract; PDF

The Effects of Relative Food Prices on Obesity -- Evidence from China: 1991-2006
By Yang Lu, Dana Goldman
Abstract; PDF

A Stitch in Time: The Effects of a Novel Incentive-Based High-School Intervention on College Outcomes
By C. Kirabo
Abstract; PDF

Women's Education and Family Behavior: Trends in Marriage, Divorce and Fertility
By Adam Isen, Betsey Stevenson
Abstract; PDF

Family Values and the Regulation of Labor
By Alberto F. Alesina, Yann Algan, Pierre Cahuc, Paola Giuliano
Abstract; PDF

Clustering, Spatial Correlations and Randomization Inference
By Thomas Barrios, Rebecca Diamond, Guido W. Imbens, Michal Kolesar
Abstract; PDF

Self-Selection and International Migration: New Evidence from Mexico
By Robert Kaestner, Ofer Malamud
Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 11:28 AM | Comments (0)

Foreclosures Shown to Erode Stability of Latino Children and Families

The Foreclosure Generation: The Long-Term Impact of the Housing Crisis on Latino Children and Families
By: Janis Bowdler, Roberto Quercia, David Andrew Smith
Source: National Council of La Raza

From news release:

The Foreclosure Generation documents the experiences of families who are forced to leave their homes due to a foreclosure. Families interviewed generally had exhausted all available resources in an effort to keep their homes, were unable to secure assistance from their mortgage servicer, and often relied on relatives and friends for shelter and assistance. Marital discord, anxiety, depression, children’s poor performance in school, financial loss, and strained relationships between parents and children were among the consequences reported.

Full text (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 10:05 AM | Comments (0)

How Healthy Is Your County?

How Healthy Is Your County? New County Health Rankings Give First County-by-County Snapshot of Health in Each State
Source: University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

From the press release:

The County Health Rankings—the first set of reports to rank the overall health of every county in all 50 states—were released today by the University of Wisconsin’s Population Health Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation at a briefing in Washington, D.C and on www.countyhealthrankings.org. The 50 state reports help public health and community leaders, policy-makers, consumers and others to see how healthy their county is, compare it with others within their state and find ways to improve the health of their community.

Each county is ranked within the state on how healthy people are and how long they live. They also are ranked on key factors that affect health such as: smoking, obesity, binge drinking, access to primary care providers, rates of high school graduation, rates of violent crime, air pollution levels, liquor store density, unemployment rates and number of children living in poverty.

County Health Rankings

Posted by ljridley at 09:42 AM | Comments (0)

Mexican Immigrants in the United States

Mexican Immigrants in the United States
By: Aaron Terrazas
Source: Migration Policy Institute

Since claiming the top spot among all immigrant groups in the 1980 census, the Mexican immigrant population in the United States has continued to outsize other immigrant groups. In 2008, there were 11.4 million Mexican immigrants in the United States, accounting for 30.1 percent of all US immigrants and 10 percent of all Mexicans. Over half of all Mexican immigrants reside in the United States illegally.

However, recent evidence suggests that immigration from Mexico has slowed in the context of the deep recession that officially began in December 2007 but started earlier in some regions of the country and sectors of the economy that are particularly important for immigrants.

Full text

Posted by ljridley at 09:39 AM | Comments (0)

February 17, 2010

Constitutionality of Excluding Aliens from the Census: Apportionment and Redistricting

Constitutionality of Excluding Aliens from the Census: Apportionment and Redistricting
By: Margaret Mikyung Lee and Erika K. Lunder
Source: Congressional Research Service

From the Summary:
In the 2010 decennial census, the Census Bureau will attempt to count the total population of the United States. This includes, as in previous censuses, all U.S. citizens, lawfully present aliens, and unauthorized aliens. Some have suggested excluding aliens, particularly those who are in the country unlawfully, from the census count, in part so that they would not be included in the data used to apportion House seats among the states and determine voting districts within them.

One question raised by this idea is whether the exclusion of aliens could be done by amending the federal census statutes, or whether such action would require an amendment to the Constitution. The Constitution requires a decennial census to determine the “actual enumeration” of the “whole number of persons” in the United States. The data must be used to apportion the House seats among the states, although there is no constitutional requirement it be used to determine intrastate districts. It appears the term “whole number of persons” is broad enough to include all individuals, regardless of citizenship status, and thus would appear to require the entire
population be included in the apportionment calculation. As such, it appears a constitutional amendment would be necessary to exclude any individuals from the census count for the purpose of apportioning House seats.

Full text (PDF)

Posted by ljridley at 01:55 PM | Comments (0)

February 16, 2010

New Discussion Papers from the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Do Employers Discriminate by Gender? A Field Experiment in Female-Dominated Occupations
(forthcoming in: Economics Letters )
Alison L. Booth, Andrew Leigh
Abstract; PDF

Objective Confirmation of Subjective Measures of Human Well-being: Evidence from the USA
(forthcoming in: Science)
Andrew J. Oswald, Stephen Wu
Abstract; PDF

Inequality Aversion and Risk Attitudes
Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Xavi Ramos
Abstract; PDF

From Shame to Game in One Hundred Years: An Economic Model of the Rise in Premarital Sex and its De-Stigmatization
Jesús Fernández-Villaverde, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner
Abstract; PDF

Measuring Long-Term Inequality of Opportunity
Rolf Aaberge, Magne Mogstad, Vitorocco Peragine
Abstract; PDF

Divorced Fathers' Proximity and Children's Long Run Outcomes: Evidence from Norwegian Registry Data
Ariel Kalil, Magne Mogstad, Mari Rege, Mark Votruba
Abstract; PDF

Transferability of Human Capital and Immigrant Assimilation: An Analysis for Germany
Leilanie Basilio, Thomas Bauer
Abstract; PDF

Valuing School Quality via a School Choice Reform
Stephen Machin, Kjell G. Salvanes
Abstract; PDF

Retire Later or Work Harder?
David N.F. Bell, Robert A. Hart
Abstract; PDF

Wage Inequality, Linkages and FDI
Nigel Driffield, Sourafel Girma, Michael Henry, Karl Taylor
Abstract; PDF

Econometric Methods for Causal Evaluation of Education Policies and Practices: A Non-Technical Guide
Martin Schlotter, Guido Schwerdt, Ludger Woessmann
Abstract; PDF

Strategic Sophistication of Individuals and Teams in Experimental Normal-Form Games
Matthias Sutter, Simon Czermak, Francesco Feri
Abstract; PDF

Do Labor Statistics Depend on How and to Whom the Questions Are Asked? Results from a Survey Experiment in Tanzania
Elena Bardasi, Kathleen Beegle, Andrew Dillon, Pieter Serneels
Abstract; PDF

Immigration Policies and the Ecuadorian Exodus
Simone Bertoli, Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Francesc Ortega
Abstract; PDF

Demographics, Fiscal Health, and School Quality: Shedding Light on School Closure Decisions
Sherrilyn M. Billger
Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 03:43 PM | Comments (0)

February 02, 2010

New Working Papers from the NBER

The Impact of Comparative Effectiveness Research on Health and Health Care Spending
By Anirban Basu, Tomas J. Philipson
Abstract; PDF

Causes and Consequences of Early Life Health
By Anne Case, Christina Paxson
Abstract; PDF

The Long Reach of Childhood Health and Circumstance: Evidence from the Whitehall II Study
By Anne Case, Christina Paxson
Abstract; PDF

Who Owns Children and Does it Matter?
By Alice Schoonbroodt, Michele Tertilt
Abstract; PDF

Human Capital, Endogenous Information Acquisition, and Home Bias in Financial Markets
by Isaac Ehrlich, Jong Kook Shin, Yong Yin
Abstract; PDF

Peer Migration in China
By Yuyu Chen, Ginger Zhe Jin, Yang Yue
Abstract; PDF

From Shame to Game in One Hundred Years: An Economic Model of the Rise in Premarital Sex and its De-Stigmatization
By Jesus Fernandez-Villaverde, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner
Abstract; PDF

Explaining the Rise in Educational Gradients in Mortality
By David M. Cutler, Fabian Lange, Ellen Meara, Seth Richards, Christopher J. Ruhm
Abstract; PDF

The Effect of Uncertain Labor Income and Social Security on Life-cycle Portfolios
By Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, Ralph Rogalla
Abstract; PDF

Educational Expectations and Attainment
By Brian A. Jacob, Tamara Wilder
Abstract; PDF

Europe's tired, poor, huddled masses: Self-selection and economic outcomes in the age of mass migration
By Ran Abramitzky, Leah Platt Boustan, Katherine Eriksson
Abstract; PDF

How general are risk preferences? Choices under uncertainty in different domains
By Liran Einav, Amy Finkelstein, Iuliana Pascu, Mark R. Cullen
Abstract; PDF

Does Prescription Drug Adherence Reduce Hospitalizations and Costs?
By William Encinosa, Didem Bernard, Avi Dor
Abstract; PDF

So you want to run an experiment, now what? Some Simple Rules of Thumb for Optimal Experimental Design
By John A. List, Sally Sadoff, Mathis Wagner
Abstract; PDF

Inaccurate age and sex data in the Census PUMS files: Evidence and Implications
By J. Trent Alexander, Michael Davern, Betsey Stevenson
Abstract; PDF

Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors? Interim Results from a Randomized Trial
By Francine D. Blau, Janet M. Currie, Rachel T.A. Croson, Donna K. Ginther
Abstract; PDF

Posted by ljridley at 09:49 AM | Comments (0)