April 02, 2009

Selected new articles from PSC researchers

Thornton, R. L. (2008). The Demand for, and Impact of, Learning HIV Status. American Economic Review, 98(5), 1829-1863.

Zeng, Z., & Xie, Y. (2008). A Preference-Opportunity-Choice Framework with Applications to Intergroup Friendship. American Journal of Sociology, 114(3), 615-648.

Marteleto, L., Lam, D., & Ranchhod, V. (2008). Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, and Schooling Among Young People in Urban South Africa. Studies in Family Planning, 39(4), 351-368.

Song, S., & Burgard, S. A. (2008). Does son preference influence children's growth in height? A comparative study of Chinese and Filipino children. Population Studies-a Journal of Demography, 62(3), 305-320.

Freedman, V. A., Grafova, I. B., Schoeni, R. F., & Rogowski, J. (2008). Neighborhoods and disability in later life. Social Science & Medicine, 66(11), 2253-2267.

Posted by yanfu at 05:03 PM | Comments (0)

May 13, 2008

The Price of Independence

The Price of Independence: The Economics of Early Adulthood, edited by Sheldon Danziger and Cecilia Elena Rouse

More and more young men and women today are taking longer and having more difficulty making a successful transition to adulthood. They are staying in school longer, having a harder time finding steady employment at jobs that provide health insurance, and are not marrying and having children until much later in life than their parents did. In The Price of Independence, a roster of distinguished experts diagnose the extent and causes of these trends.

Observers of social trends have speculated on the economic changes that may be delaying the transition to adulthood—from worsening job opportunities to mounting student debt and higher housing costs—but few have offered empirical evidence to back up their claims. The Price of Independence represents the first significant analysis of these economic explanations, charting the evolving life circumstances of 18-35 year olds over the last few decades. Lisa Bell, Gary Burtless, Janet Gornick, and Timothy M. Smeeding show that the earnings of young workers in the U.S. and a number of industrialized countries have declined relative to the cost of supporting a family, which may explain their protracted dependence. In addition, Henry Farber finds that job stability for young male workers has dropped over the last generation. But while economic factors have some influence on young people’s transitions to adulthood, The Price of Independence shows that changes in the economic climate can not account for the magnitude of the societal shift in the timing of independent living, marriage, and childbearing. Aaron Yelowitz debunks the myth that steep housing prices are forcing the young to live at home—housing costs actually fell between 1980 and 2000 once lower interest rates and tax subsidies are taken into account. And Ngina Chiteji reveals that average student loan debt is only $3,500 per household. The trend toward starting careers and families later appears to have more to do with changing social norms, as well as policies that have broadened access to higher education, than with changes in the economy.

For better or worse, the current generation is redefining the nature and boundaries of what it means to be a young adult. The Price of Independence documents just how dramatically the modern lifecycle has changed and offers evidence as an antidote to much of the conventional wisdom about these social changes.

This book is new in the PSC library and may be found on the PSC Authors display.

Posted by ljridley at 03:37 PM | Comments (0)

February 29, 2008

New Book Edited by Schoeni, House, Kaplan and Pollack

Making Americans Healthier: Social and Economic Policy As Health Policy, edited by Robert F. Schoeni, James S. House, George A. Kaplan, and Harold Pollack

The United States spends billions of dollars annually on social and economic policies aimed at improving the lives of its citizens, but the health consequences associated with these policies are rarely considered. In Making Americans Healthier, a group of multidisciplinary experts shows how social and economic policies seemingly unrelated to medical well-being have dramatic consequences for the health of the American people.

Most previous research concerning problems with health and healthcare in the United States has focused narrowly on issues of medical care and insurance coverage, but Making Americans Healthier demonstrates the important health consequences that policymakers overlook in traditional cost-benefit evaluations of social policy. The contributors examine six critical policy areas: civil rights, education, income support, employment, welfare, and neighborhood and housing. Among the important findings in this book, David Cutler and Adriana Lleras-Muney document the robust relationship between educational attainment and health, and estimate that the health benefits of education may exceed even the well-documented financial returns of education. Pamela Herd, James House, and Robert Schoeni discover notable health benefits associated with the Supplemental Security Income Program, which provides financial support for elderly and disabled Americans. George Kaplan, Nalini Ranjit, and Sarah Burgard document a large and unanticipated improvement in the health of African-American women following the enactment of civil rights legislation in the 1960s.

Making Americans Healthier presents ground-breaking evidence that the health impact of many social policies is substantial. The important findings in this book pave the way for promising new avenues for intervention and convincingly demonstrate that ultimately social and economic policy is health policy.

This book is new in the PSC library and may be found on the PSC Authors display.

Posted by ljridley at 04:13 PM | Comments (0)

February 28, 2008

Recent Journal Articles by Center Researchers

Title: Accumulating disadvantage over the life course - Evidence from a longitudinal study investigating the relationship between educational advantage in youth and health in middle age
Author Full Names: Walsemann, Katrina M.; Geronimus, Arline T.; Gee, Gilbert C.
Source: RESEARCH ON AGING, 30 (2): 169-199 MAR 2008

Title:Declines in late-life disability: The role of early- and mid-life factors
Vicki A. Freedman, Linda G. Martin, Robert F. Schoeni and Jennifer C. Cornman
Social Science & Medicine, 66(7):1588-1602

Title: The relationship between income and material hardship
Author(s): Sullivan JX, Turner L, Danziger S
Source: JOURNAL OF POLICY ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT Volume: 27 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-81 Published: 2008

Title: Household and community income, economic shocks and risky sexual behavior of young adults: evidence from the Cape Area Panel Study 2002 and 2005
Author(s): Dinkelman, T; Lam, D; Leibbrandt, M
Source: AIDS Volume: 21 Pages: S49-S56 Published: 2007

Posted by yanfu at 02:46 PM | Comments (0)