May 16, 2006

Factors Affecting Postsecondary Education Enrollment

Assessing the Impact of Social Capital, Academic Preparation and Financial Factors on Postsecondary Education Enrollment

Abstract

This study develops and tests a model for understanding and predicting postsecondary education enrollment by measuring social capital, academic preparation, and financial factors. Rational choice, social reproduction, status attainment, and social capital theories will inform the model development. Focus is placed on social capital constructs (e.g. information, bridges, and support networks) that appear to be related to postsecondary education enrollment outcomes. Postsecondary education enrollment is defined as a set of choices including not enrollment in postsecondary education, enrollment in a 2-year institution, and enrollment in a 4-year institution. The proposed analytical model allows assessing direct and indirect social capital effects on enrollment decisions. The final model may be used for enrollment prediction and policy making purposes.

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AIR Forum 2006.

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March 30, 2006

Insights on Financial Aid and College Access Interplay

The CHEPA’s Financial Aid and College Access project has identified seven important issues that emerge from 300 students’ interviews in low-income high schools in Los Angeles:

1. Students make college-related decisions based on their perceptions of financial aid availability.

2. A high school's culture of preparation makes a difference in students' access to college and financial aid information.

3. Students lack accurate and timely information about financial aid.

4. Group seminars on financial aid information can be helpful but inadequate without pre-and post-individual follow-up sessions.

5. Peer counselors do not replace adult, expert advice about college and financial aid information.

6. Parents also lack information and knowledge about college and financial aid.

7. Even after applying for financial aid, many students require individualized, sustained support throughout the process.

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February 16, 2006

K-12 Concentrated Disadvantage

Yun, J. and J. F. Moreno (2006). College Access, K-12 Concentrated Disadvantage, and the Next 25 Years of Education Research. Educational Researcher, v.35, n. 1. AERA.

Applying cluster analysis to California data, this study explore concentrated disadvantage in the K-12 system and its effects on ethnic disparities in college access. Point out implications in the context of California stratified system of postsecondary education, and the outlook for the elimination of race considerations for college admissions within the next 25 years.

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